Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania. The capital of Zanzibar, located on the island of Unguja, is Zanzibar City, and its historic centre, known as Stone Town, is a World Heritage Site. Zanzibar's main industries are spices, raffia, and tourism. In particular, the islands produce cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon and pepper. Zanzibar is the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres off the coast of mainland Tanzania, and comprises numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, informally referred to as Zanzibar), and Pemba. The climate in Zanzibar is tropical marine. The official languages are Kiswahili and English. English is understood at business and official levels but is not spoken as well as in other parts of East Africa. Professional Tanzanians understand English, but many write and express themselves poorly. English is associated with the upper classes and government services. Kiswahili is more widespread, including the local media. A few basic phrases of Swahili are invaluable in business circles and Tanzanians show great appreciation if visitors learn a few words. Arabic is spoken on the island of Zanzibar. The main religions are Christianity and Islam. The economy of Tanzania is mostly based on agriculture, which accounts for more than half of the GDP, provides approximately 85% of exports, and employs approximately 80% of the workforce. Expatriate business dress is generally suits and ties for men and suits or dresses for women. The security risk for expatriates in Tanzania is medium. Risks include petty crime, armed robberies, sexual assaults, and the latent risk of terrorism. The currency of Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling (TZS). US Dollars are also widely accepted. ATMs are available at banks in most urban areas but are not always reliable. Medical facilities are generally below international standards, especially outside Dar es Salaam. Sleeping sickness, cholera and rift valley fever occur. Malaria and dengue fever are common. The population of Zanzibar is 1.3 Million (2017 est.), while the inflation rate is 4.4% (Nov 2017).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Zanzibar, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Zanzibar as at 1 January 2018 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very High 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Average 6) Groceries: High 7) Healthcare: Average 8) Household Accommodation: Very High 9) Miscellaneous: High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Low 13) Transport: Very High Zanzibar is for example 37.2% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 74% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 46.6% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Zanzibar for an expat from Perth, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Zanzibar) premium of 30% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Zanzibar is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Zanzibar? Register subscribe to your home location and Zanzibar and run your personalised reports.