Tanzania is in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique. The climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperate in the highlands. The official languages are Kiswahili and English. English is understood at business and official levels but is not spoken as well as in other parts of East Africa. Professional Tanzanians understand English, but many write and express themselves poorly. English is associated with the upper classes and government services. Kiswahili is more widespread, including the local media. A few basic phrases of Swahili are invaluable in business circles and Tanzanians show great appreciation if visitors learn a few words. Arabic is spoken on the island of Zanzibar. The main religions are Christianity and Islam. The economy of Tanzania is mostly based on agriculture, which accounts for more than half of the GDP, provides approximately 85% of exports, and employs approximately 80% of the workforce. Expatriate business dress is generally suits and ties for men and suits or dresses for women. The security risk for expatriates in Tanzania is medium. Risks include petty crime, armed robberies, sexual assaults, and the latent risk of terrorism. The currency of Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling (TZS). US Dollars are also widely accepted. ATMs are available at banks in most urban areas but are not always reliable. Medical facilities are generally below international standards, especially outside Dar es Salaam. Sleeping sickness, cholera and rift valley fever occur. Malaria and dengue fever are common. The population of Tanzania is 47.4 Million (2017 est.), while the inflation rate is 4.4% (Nov 2017).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Tanzania, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Tanzania as at 1 January 2018 is average in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Low 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Average 6) Groceries: Low 7) Healthcare: Average 8) Household Accommodation: Very High 9) Miscellaneous: Average 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Average Tanzania is for example -13.5% cheaper than USA for groceries, 18.9% more expensive for household costs than UK, and 96.7% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Tanzania for an expat from Australia, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Tanzania) premium of 30% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Tanzania is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Tanzania? Register subscribe to your home location and Tanzania and run your personalised reports.