Damascus is the capital and largest city of Syria. Damascus is home to a wide range of industrial activity, such as Textile, food processing, Cement and various Chemical industries. The historical role that Damascus played as an important trade centre has changed in recent years due to political development in the region as well as the development of modern trade. Syria is in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey. The climate is mostly desert with hot, dry, sunny summers and mild, rainy winters, with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus. The official language is Arabic. English is commonly used in international business, particularly in the oil industry. French is also widely understood. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Syria is that of a middle-income, developing country with a diversified economy based on agriculture, industry, and energy. The security risk for expatriates in Syria is extreme. Risks include the ongoing civil conflict, attacks by armed forces, mass-casualty bombings, crime and kidnapping. The currency of Syrian Arab Republic is the Syrian Pound (SYP). As at 2016 it is not possible to use internationally issued credit and debit cards to withdraw money from ATMs or to pay for goods and services in Syria. Medical facilities are extremely limited and medical evacuation may not be possible. Due to the ongoing conflict many hospitals no longer operate. The destruction of infrastructure means there are regular outbreaks of infectious diseases. The population of Damascus is 1.7 Million (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 0.23% for Syria as at October 2018. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Syria is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 22%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Damascus is as follows: Damascus as at 1 November 2019 is low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$730. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$2.53, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$1.27, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$1.67 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$2.66. 2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$700. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$19, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$79, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$51 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$32. 3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$82. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$32, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.03 per minute. 4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$20100. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$13,019 for Primary School, and USD$14,488 for High School. 5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$3000. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$838, and USD$719 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV. 6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$590. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$0.65, 1 kg oranges USD$0.41, 1 head lettuce USD$0.26, 1 kg potatos USD$0.38, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$3.80, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$3.27, 1 dozen large eggs USD$1.37, 500g loaf white bread USD$0.33, 1 L full cream milk USD$0.75, and 1.5 L water USD$0.46. 7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$530. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$43, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,321. 8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$2100. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$1,661 in a central location, and USD$954 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities. 9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$760. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$14.78, while an international newspaper is USD$4.55. 10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$230. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$18, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$92. 11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$650. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$5.50, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$19 per month. 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$530. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$1.40, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$0.54, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$5.00, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$16.00. 13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$630. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$0.62, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$24,151. Damascus is -7.7% cheaper than Houston TX for groceries, -2% cheaper for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 7.3% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Damascus for an expat from Perth, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Damascus) premium of 40% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Damascus is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Damascus? Register subscribe to your home location and Damascus and run your personalised reports.