Damascus is the capital and largest city of Syria. Damascus is home to a wide range of industrial activity, such as Textile, food processing, Cement and various Chemical industries. The historical role that Damascus played as an important trade centre has changed in recent years due to political development in the region as well as the development of modern trade. Syria is in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey. The climate is mostly desert with hot, dry, sunny summers and mild, rainy winters, with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus. The official language is Arabic. English is commonly used in international business, particularly in the oil industry. French is also widely understood. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Syria is that of a middle-income, developing country with a diversified economy based on agriculture, industry, and energy. The security risk for expatriates in Syria is extreme. Risks include the ongoing civil conflict, attacks by armed forces, mass-casualty bombings, crime and kidnapping. The currency of Syrian Arab Republic is the Syrian Pound (SYP). As at 2016 it is not possible to use internationally issued credit and debit cards to withdraw money from ATMs or to pay for goods and services in Syria. Medical facilities are extremely limited and medical evacuation may not be possible. Due to the ongoing conflict many hospitals no longer operate. The destruction of infrastructure means there are regular outbreaks of infectious diseases. The population of Damascus is 1.7 Million (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 43.2% for Syria as at December 2017. For a single Expat, the personal income tax rate in Syria is progressive up to 22%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Damascus, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Damascus as at 1 April 2018 is high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: Low 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High 6) Groceries: High 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Very Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very High 13) Transport: Average Damascus is for example 28.9% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 0.6% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 9.6% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Damascus for an expat from Perth, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Damascus) premium of 40% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Damascus is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Damascus? Register subscribe to your home location and Damascus and run your personalised reports.