Sudan is in Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea. The climate is tropical in the south and arid desert in the north. The official language is Arabic. English is widely spoken and understood, including in business circles. The main religions are Islam and Christianity. The economy of Sudan has been buffeted by civil war, political instability, adverse weather, weak world commodity prices, a drop in remittances from abroad, and counterproductive economic policies. The private sector's main areas of activity are agriculture and trading, with most private industrial investment predating 1980. Agriculture employs 80% of the work force. Juba is particularly expensive for Expatriates as most goods are imported. Sudan consists of many cultures. Expatriate business dress is relatively relaxed. Although a suit and tie are not always required, lightweight lounge suits are common. Women may need to wear a headscarf during meetings, particularly with central government. The security risk for expatriates in Sudan is high, but extreme in the Darfur region. Risks include petty crime, violent crime, social unrest, sporadic clashes, communal tensions, and in the Darfur region the additional high risk of kidnapping. The currency of Sudan is the Sudanese Pound (SDG). Credit cards are not generally accepted. Medical facilities are basic comparable to those of Western Europe and North America, especially in rural areas. Serious or complex medical treatment may require evacuation which can be expensive. The population of the Sudan is 39.6 Million (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 54% for the Sudan as at February 2018. For a single Expat, the personal income tax rate in Sudan is progressive up to 15%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Sudan, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Sudan as at 1 April 2018 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: High 4) Education: Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High 6) Groceries: High 7) Healthcare: Average 8) Household Accommodation: Average 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Very High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Average 13) Transport: Very High Sudan is for example 9.3% more expensive than USA for groceries, -13.6% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 195.7% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Sudan for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (the Sudan) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Sudan is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Sudan? Register subscribe to your home location and Sudan and run your personalised reports.