Pretoria is a city located in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the executive (administrative) and de facto national capital. As the national administrative (executive) capital of South Africa, Pretoria is the seat of government and houses the headquarters of the main government departments and ministries. As the de facto capital city, it also hosts the foreign embassies and diplomatic missions. The city is a major commercial centre and an important industrial centre. Its main industries are iron and steel works, copper casting, and the manufacture of automobiles, railway carriages and heavy machinery. South Africa is at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. The climate is mostly semi arid but subtropical along the east coast, with sunny days and cool nights. English, Xhosa, Zulu and Afrikaans are predominant but there are 11 official languages. Almost all business is conducted in English. Most educated South Africans are multilingual. The main religions are Christianity, Islam and indigenous beliefs. The economy of South Africa is a two tiered economy; one rivalling other developed countries and the other with only the most basic infrastructure. It is therefore a productive and industrialised economy that exhibits many characteristics associated with developing countries, including a division of labour between formal and informal sectors and an uneven distribution of wealth and income. The primary sector, based on manufacturing, services, mining, and agriculture, is well developed. Expatriate business dress is mostly formal suits, but this can vary from industry to industry and area to area. National dress is also generally acceptable. The security risk for expatriates in South Africa is medium overall, but high near deprived urban areas. Risks include high levels of violent crime, high rate of murder, high rate of rape (adult, child and infant), carjacking, poorly maintained vehicles, erratic driving standards, corruption at all levels, interruptions to electricity and water supplies and violent protests (usually related to poor service provision). The currency of South Africa is the South African Rand (ZAR). Banking is on a par with that of Western Europe and North America. There is a high incidence of credit card fraud and fraud involving ATMs. Private medical facilities are good, however the cost of treatment for expatriates can be high. There is a high prevalence of HIV. The population of Pretoria is 2.9 Million (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 4.9% for South Africa as at August 2018. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for South Africa is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 45%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Pretoria, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Pretoria as at 1 October 2018 is average in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: High 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Low 7) Healthcare: Average 8) Household Accommodation: Average 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Very High 11) Recreation & Culture: Average 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Average 13) Transport: Average Pretoria is for example 11% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 30.3% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 47% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Pretoria for an expat from Perth, is for example 10%, i.e. host location (Pretoria) premium of 20% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Pretoria is ranked as a some hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Pretoria? Register subscribe to your home location and Pretoria and run your personalised reports.