Mogadishu is the largest city in Somalia and the nation's capital. Mogadishu is the commercial and financial centre of Somalia. Although the economy has recovered somewhat from the civil unrest, the Somali Civil War still presents many problems. The effective absence of government yields free trade without taxes or regulatory expenditures, but comes at the cost of civil society and infrastructure. Businesses have hired armed militias to provide security against gunmen, leading to a gradual reduction in open street violence. However, high levels of crime including frequent murders and occasional bombings are still rampant in the city. Somalia is in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia. The climate is principally desert, hot and humid with irregular rainfall. The official languages are Somali and Arabic. English and Italian are also spoken. Arabic is chiefly spoken in the north and the coastal regions, while Swahili is used in the south. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Somalia has, despite civil unrest, maintained a healthy informal economy, based mainly on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. While requirements vary from one area to another, parts of Somalia are very conservative Islamic areas and local Islamic sensibilities should be respected. Expatriate business dress is typically a suit for men, conservative clothing covering the arms and legs for women. The security risk for expatriates in Somalia is extreme. Risks include militant attacks, abduction, landmines and violent crime. The currency of Somalia is the Somali Shilling (SOS). Credit cards are not accepted. Medical facilities are basic in Hargeisa and extremely limited or non-existent elsewhere. The population of Mogadishu is 2.4 Million (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 5.2% for Somalia as at September 2019. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Somalia is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 10%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Mogadishu is as follows: Mogadishu as at 1 November 2019 is high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$820. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$12.32, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$3.00, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$4.00 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$0.95. 2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$520. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$19, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$31, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$28 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$28. 3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$168. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$33, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.08 per minute. 4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$24900. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$16,268 for Primary School, and USD$18,103 for High School. 5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$3575. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$928, and USD$796 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV. 6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$780. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$4.50, 1 kg oranges USD$2.00, 1 head lettuce USD$1.05, 1 kg potatos USD$0.95, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$4.20, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$9.33, 1 dozen large eggs USD$2.26, 500g loaf white bread USD$0.77, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.48, and 1.5 L water USD$0.55. 7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$720. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$58, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,797. 8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$2700. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$2,001 in a central location, and USD$1,151 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities. 9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$630. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$12.32, while an international newspaper is USD$3.79. 10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$320. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$26, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$128. 11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$310. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$5.00, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$17 per month. 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$570. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$1.00, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$0.60, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$6.00, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$18.00. 13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$820. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$0.74, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$9,000. Mogadishu is 21% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 27.2% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 38.8% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Mogadishu for an expat from Perth, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Mogadishu) premium of 40% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Mogadishu is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Mogadishu? Register subscribe to your home location and Mogadishu and run your personalised reports.