Somalia is in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia. The climate is principally desert, hot and humid with irregular rainfall. The official languages are Somali and Arabic. English and Italian are also spoken. Arabic is chiefly spoken in the north and the coastal regions, while Swahili is used in the south. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Somalia has, despite civil unrest, maintained a healthy informal economy, based mainly on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. While requirements vary from one area to another, parts of Somalia are very conservative Islamic areas and local Islamic sensibilities should be respected. Expatriate business dress is typically a suit for men, conservative clothing covering the arms and legs for women. The security risk for expatriates in Somalia is extreme. Risks include militant attacks, abduction, landmines and violent crime. The currency of Somalia is the Somali Shilling (SOS). Credit cards are not accepted. Medical facilities are basic in Hargeisa and extremely limited or non-existent elsewhere. The population of Somalia is 14.3 Million (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is -3.6% for Somalia as at December 2016. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Somalia is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 10%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Somalia, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Somalia as at 1 January 2019 is high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: Very Low 3) Communication: Low 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High 6) Groceries: High 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: Average 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Very Low 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Average 13) Transport: Average Somalia is for example 0.7% more expensive than USA for groceries, -3.1% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 96.7% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Somalia for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Somalia) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Somalia is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Somalia? Register subscribe to your home location and Somalia and run your personalised reports.