Sierra Leone is in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia. The climate is tropical, hot and humid with a summer rainy season and a winter dry season. The official language is English. Krio (an English creole) is the lingua franca. Local tribal languages are also spoken. The main religions are Islam and Christianity. The economy of Sierra Leone is slowly emerging from a protracted civil war and is showing signs of a successful transition. The country is very rich in minerals and has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. The country is among the top 10 diamond producing nations in the world, and mineral exports remain the main foreign currency earner. Expatriate business dress is mostly conservative, though ties are not always worn. The security risk for expatriates in Sierra Leone is high. Risks include theft and violence. Other risks include poor infrastructure, hazardous driving conditions, and unreliable electricity and water. The currency of Sierra Leone is the Sierra Leone Leone (SLL). Sierra Leone is largely a cash based economy. Credit cards are accepted at only a few hotels in Freetown. ATMs are available but limited in Freetown but there are high levels of fraud reported. Outside of Freetown credit cards are not accepted and ATMs are not be available. Medical facilities are well below international standards. Any medical treatment is required to be paid for up front. Rabies, lassa fever, water-borne diseases, malaria and other tropical diseases are common. Cholera is endemic. The population of Sierra Leone is 7.1 Million (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 17.46% for Sierra Leone as at March 2019. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Sierra Leone is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 30%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Sierra Leone, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Sierra Leone as at 1 July 2019 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very High 2) Clothing: Very Low 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High 6) Groceries: Very High 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Average 13) Transport: High Sierra Leone is for example 27.3% more expensive than USA for groceries, 13.2% more expensive for household costs than UK, and 134.6% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Sierra Leone for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Sierra Leone) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Sierra Leone is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Sierra Leone? Register subscribe to your home location and Sierra Leone and run your personalised reports.