Rwanda is in Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo. The climate is temperate with two rainy seasons, but mild in the mountains with frost and snow possible. The official languages are Kinyarwanda, English and French. English is the main international language in business circles. Taxi drivers, restaurant waiters and some hotel employees may be more comfortable in French rather than English. Younger Rwandans are somewhat more likely to speak English than their elders. Kiswahili is often used in commercial centres and by members of the military. The main religions are Christianity and indigenous beliefs. The economy of Rwanda is primarily rural with about 90% of the population engaged in agriculture with few natural resources and minimal industry. Primary exports are coffee and tea. Expatriate business dress in Rwanda is typically relatively casual. Expatriates seldom wear ties in Kigali, but on formal occasions a lightweight suit may be worn. The security risk for expatriates in Rwanda is low, but medium on the borders with Burundi and the Congo (DRC). Risks include traffic accidents and street crime. Additional risks in the border areas, includes violence by militia and grenade attacks in public places. The currency of Rwanda is the Rwandan Franc (RWF). ATMs are available in Kigali, but not all international cards are accepted. Credit cards are not widely accepted. Medical facilities are limited. Serious or complex medical treatment may require evacuation which can be expensive. Malaria is present. The population of Rwanda is 11.3 Million (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is -0.1% for Rwanda as at April 2018. For a single Expat, the personal income tax rate in Rwanda is progressive up to 30%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Rwanda, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Rwanda as at 1 April 2018 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very High 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: Very Low 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Low 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Average 13) Transport: Very Low Rwanda is for example -31.1% cheaper than USA for groceries, -57.8% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 9.8% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Rwanda for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Rwanda) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Rwanda is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Rwanda? Register subscribe to your home location and Rwanda and run your personalised reports.