International cost of living and hardship / quality of living data for 780 global locations.
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Romania is in South Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine.
The climate is temperate with cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog, and sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms.
The official language is Romanian. Romanian is a Romance (coming from Latin) language and personnel who speak French or Italian will easily understand key words and phrases of Romanian. Many Romanians speak a few words of English and French. German is occasionally spoken, notably in Transylvania. A few words of Romanian will be appreciated by visitors.
The main religion is Christianity.
Romania is an upper-middle income European Union member economy of Central-Eastern Europe.
Expatriate dress code is relatively conservative, requiring dark suits for men and a dress or a skirt and blouse for women. The safety risk for expatriates in Romania is low. Risks include petty crime such as pickpocketing, poor road conditions, and corruption.
The currency of Romania is the Romanian New Lei (RON). Romania is largely a cash economy. Credit cards are not widely accepted and there is a high risk of credit card fraud. ATMs are available that accept some international credit and debit cards. Euros are widely accepted.
Health care facilities are good, however the cost of treatment for expatriates from outside the EU can be high.
The population is 19.6 Million (2019 est.), and the inflation rate (CPI) is 3.8% for Romania as at November 2019.
The Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Romania is based on the current personal income tax rate which is a flat rate of 10%.
Within Romania we also cover Bucharest.
The cost of living for expatriates in Romania as at January 2020 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Romania is as follows:1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$420. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$6.03, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$0.99, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$1.61 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$5.43.2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$690. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$52, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$66, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$73 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$31.3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$118. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$8, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.06 per minute.4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$12300. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$7,969 for Primary School, and USD$8,868 for High School.5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$925. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$522, and USD$448 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV.6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$410. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$1.11, 1 kg oranges USD$1.40, 1 head lettuce USD$0.81, 1 kg potatos USD$0.74, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$5.88, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$7.09, 1 dozen large eggs USD$2.90, 500g loaf white bread USD$0.75, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.33, and 1.5 L water USD$0.73.7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$480. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$39, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,191.8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$950. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$1,210 in a central location, and USD$756 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities.9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$280. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$5.49, while an international newspaper is USD$1.69.10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$195. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$16, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$79.11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$270. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$7.54, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$39 per month.12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$480. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$2.05, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$1.55, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$5.73, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$30.16.13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$650. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$1.33, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$17,595.
Romania is -44.8% cheaper than USA for groceries, -64.7% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 64.6% more expensive for transport costs than India.
Romania is ranked as a high degree of hardship location.The hardship premium for Romania for an expat from Australia, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Romania) premium of 30% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%.