Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. Lima is the industrial and financial centre of Peru, home to many national companies. It accounts for more than two thirds of Peru's industrial production and most of its tertiary sector. Peru is in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. The climate varies from tropical in the east to dry desert in the west, and temperate to frigid in the Andes. The official languages are Spanish and Quechua. English is spoken in business, though a working knowledge of Spanish is advisable. Communicating in Spanish, if not always necessary, is appreciated. The main religion is Christianity. The economy of Peru is an emerging market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade. Peru's economy has experienced significant growth in the last 15 years. In Peru conversations tend to take place much closer physically and stepping back can be regarded as unfriendly. Expatriate dress is typically formal in the form of a suit. The security risk for expatriates in Peru is medium overall but high in some areas. Risks include opportunistic street crime, assaults, and robbery. Other risks include earthquakes, volcanic activity, and landslides. The currency of Peru is the Peruvian Nuevo Sol (PEN). While ATMs are available in major urban areas not all international cards are accepted. Be aware that some ATMs may not automatically release the card when dispensing money and require a button to be pushed to release it. Major credit cards are accepted at some shops and restaurants. Be alert to the possibility of being passed counterfeit US dollars or local currency, especially from street money changers. Medical facilities are generally below international standards, can be expensive, and is not always available in some parts of the country. Yellow fever is endemic. The population of Lima is 2.8 Million (Metro) (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 1.88% for Peru as at October 2019. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Peru is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 30%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Lima is as follows: Lima as at 1 November 2019 is average in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$790. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$10.00, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$1.60, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$3.06 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$3.72. 2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$830. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$44, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$73, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$75 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$32. 3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$234. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$39, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.15 per minute. 4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$24300. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$15,878 for Primary School, and USD$17,669 for High School. 5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$3175. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$866, and USD$743 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV. 6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$620. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$1.73, 1 kg oranges USD$1.05, 1 head lettuce USD$0.78, 1 kg potatos USD$0.97, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$4.79, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$7.69, 1 dozen large eggs USD$1.89, 500g loaf white bread USD$1.63, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.41, and 1.5 L water USD$0.92. 7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$650. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$53, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,620. 8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$2900. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$2,404 in a central location, and USD$1,447 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities. 9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$425. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$8.31, while an international newspaper is USD$2.56. 10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$325. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$26, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$130. 11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$360. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$5.96, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$53 per month. 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$550. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$2.44, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$0.75, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$4.77, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$23.83. 13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$670. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$1.15, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$17,935. Lima is -4.3% cheaper than Houston TX for groceries, 36% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 13.3% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Lima for an expat from Perth, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Lima) premium of 30% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Lima is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Lima? Register subscribe to your home location and Lima and run your personalised reports.