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Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby
Overview

Papua New Guinea, Port MoresbyPort Moresby is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea. The city is often covered by a smoke haze that is created by the numerous small fires lit beside the road or in the bush by its inhabitants. The city experiences high levels of rape, robbery, murder and large areas of the city are controlled by gangs.

Papua New Guinea is in Oceania, and consists of a group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia. The climate is tropical monsoon and slight seasonal temperature variation.

The official language is English. It is spoken widely in business and government circles. Dialects such as Pidgin English and Hiri Motu are commonly used. The main religions are Christianity and indigenous beliefs.

The economy of Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by the rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for the bulk of the population.

Papua New Guineans are generally friendly and hospitable, but they can be suspicious of expatriates, whom they may suspect of wanting to exploit them. Expatriate business dress is suited to the warm, tropical climate in the form of a lightweight suit and tie for men, and lightweight clothing for women.

The security risk for expatriates in Papua New Guinea is high. Risks include violent crime, burglary, hold-ups, muggings, assault, carjacking and rape.

The currency of Papua New Guinea is the Papua New Guinea Kina (PGK).

Medical facilities are very basic. Serious or complex medical treatment may require evacuation which can be very expensive. Cases of Zika virus and Chikungunya virus as well as drug resistant TB have been reported.

The population of Port Moresby is 411,000 (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 4% for Papua New Guinea as at June 2019.

Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Papua New Guinea is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 42%.


Cost Of Living

The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in Port Moresby as at 1 November 2019 is very high in comparison to other places in the world.

We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Port Moresby is as follows:
1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$1120. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$13.31, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$2.47, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$3.99 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$6.36.
2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$970. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$41, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$65, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$101 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$31.
3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$234. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$45, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.30 per minute.
4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$22500. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$14,587 for Primary School, and USD$16,233 for High School.
5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$2225. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$722, and USD$620 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV.
6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$880. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$3.93, 1 kg oranges USD$4.32, 1 head lettuce USD$2.95, 1 kg potatos USD$2.99, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$7.16, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$7.40, 1 dozen large eggs USD$3.46, 500g loaf white bread USD$1.84, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.95, and 1.5 L water USD$2.22.
7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$710. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$57, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,757.
8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$5000. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$5,341 in a central location, and USD$2,652 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities.
9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$295. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$5.71, while an international newspaper is USD$1.76.
10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$240. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$19, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$96.
11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$350. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$11.83, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$78 per month.
12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$570. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$2.60, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$1.06, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$7.84, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$59.17.
13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$1130. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$1.01, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$35,503.

Port Moresby is 36.5% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 134.2% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 91.6% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai.

Port Moresby is ranked as a extreme hardship location.

The hardship premium for Port Moresby for an expat from Perth, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Port Moresby) premium of 40% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%.

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