Nigeria is in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. The climate varies between equatorial in the south, tropical in the centre, and arid in the north. The official language is English. It is the main business language. ‘Pidgin' English is also widely spoken. The main religions are Islam, Christianity and indigenous beliefs. The economy of Nigeria is one of the fastest growing in the world but is struggling to leverage the country's vast wealth in fossil fuels in order to displace the crushing poverty that affects about 57 percent of its population. The oil sector provides 80% of GDP, 95% of foreign exchange earnings, and about 65% of government revenues. Nigerians are generally friendly and welcoming to expatriates and foreign visitors. Expatriate business dress is generally formal. This is usually in the form of suits and ties for men, and suits or separates for women. The security risk for expatriates in Nigeria is high, but extreme in the north. Risks include petty crime, armed crime, carjacking, while in the north risks include shootings, bombings, and kidnappings, and in the Niger delta region risks include kidnap-for-ransom, carjacking's, armed robberies and illegal roadblocks. Other risks include internal flight safety. The currency of Nigeria is the Nigerian Naira (NGN). Nigeria is still mainly a cash based economy although the use of credit and debit cards is increasing. It is illegal to change money on the street. Credit card fraud is common. Check with your card issuer if you intend to use your international credit or debit card in Nigeria. Medical facilities are generally below international standards and in some parts may only be very basic. Serious tropical illnesses such as malaria, typhoid, lassa fever and yellow fever occur. The population of Nigeria is 186 Million (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 12.48% for Nigeria as at April 2018. For a single Expat, the personal income tax rate in Nigeria is progressive up to 24%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Nigeria, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Nigeria as at 1 April 2018 is high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: Average 4) Education: Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Very High 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Average 11) Recreation & Culture: Average 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: High 13) Transport: Very Low Nigeria is for example 15.5% more expensive than USA for groceries, 1.5% more expensive for household costs than UK, and 47.8% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Nigeria for an expat from Australia, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Nigeria) premium of 30% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Nigeria is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Nigeria? Register subscribe to your home location and Nigeria and run your personalised reports.