Mauritania is in Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara. The climate is desert. It is constantly hot, dry and dusty. The official language is Arabic. French predominates in business circles. Business visitors without knowledge of French should arrange translation facilities. English is not widely spoken. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Mauritania still depends on agriculture and livestock for the majority of the population, even though most of the nomads and many subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for almost 50% of total exports. Approximately 99% of Mauritanians are Muslim and Islam has been a major influence in the country for centuries. Expatriate should be respectful of religious laws and customs. Men and women should dress modestly, wearing clothing that covers both arms and legs. French is essential for doing business in Mauritania. Expatriate business dress is conservative and formal. The security risk for expatriates in Mauritania is medium to high. Risks include general, violent and armed crime, terrorist attacks, kidnapping of foreigners and landmines near the borders, carjacking's and the risks associated with poor infrastructure. The currency of Mauritania is the Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO). The Ouguiya is not convertible and can’t be exported. Credit cards can be used at a few hotels. Some ATMs accept international cards. Medical facilities are extremely limited. Clinics charge for medical care (sometimes in euros or US dollars). The population of Mauritania is 3.3 Million (2017 est.), while the inflation rate is 1.2% (Nov 2017).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Mauritania, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Mauritania as at 1 January 2018 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Very Low 3) Communication: Average 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: Average 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Very Low 8) Household Accommodation: Very Low 9) Miscellaneous: High 10) Personal Care: Very Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Very Low Mauritania is for example -27% cheaper than USA for groceries, -41.7% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 24% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Mauritania for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Mauritania) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Mauritania is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Mauritania? Register subscribe to your home location and Mauritania and run your personalised reports.