Johor Bahru is the capital city of Johor and is the second largest urban area in Malaysia, after the national capital, Kuala Lumpur. Johor Bahru is an important industrial, tourism and commercial hub for southern Malaysia and one of the biggest industrial centres of the country. Major industries include electronics, resource and petrochemical refinery, and shipbuilding. Johor Bahru enjoys a close economic relationship with Singapore with a large number of residents in Johor Bahru working in Singapore and many Singaporeans living in Johor Bahru or visiting the city for shopping, entertainment, and dining. Malaysia is a peninsula in South Eastern Asia bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam. The climate is tropical with regular monsoons. The official language is Malay (or Bahasa Melayu as it is known inside the country). This is the medium of instruction in schools. However, most Malaysians (and almost all business people) understand English. Other languages that are spoken in the country include Tamil, Mandarin Chinese and a variety of Chinese dialects. The main religions are Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Christianity and Sikhism. The economy of Malaysia is a growing and relatively open state-oriented market economy. The state plays a significant but declining role in guiding economic activity through macroeconomic plans. Malaysia is a multicultural society, however the Malays, who are Muslims, are the majority. A great deal of importance is placed on status in Malaysia. It is important for expatriates to dress and behave with discretion and to treat others with respect. It is important to use titles, such as ‘Datuk' or ‘Tan Sri' or the hereditary title 'Tengku' when addressing the holders of such titles. Expatriate business dress is typically a business suit for men and women, alternatively women may wear a skirt that covers the knees and a high-necked blouse. The security risk for expatriates in Malaysia is low to medium. Risks include street crime, armed robbery, kidnapping, and the underlying threat of terrorism. The currency of Malaysia is the Malaysian Ringgit (MYR). Banking is on a par with that of Western Europe and North America. Medical facilities are good, however the cost of private care treatment for expatriates can be high. Dengue fever is common. Some states are rabies infected. The population of Johor Bahru is 1.6 Million (Metro) (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 1.1% for Malaysia as at September 2019. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Malaysia is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 28%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Johor Bahru is as follows: Johor Bahru as at 1 November 2019 is low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$1010. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$14.33, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$2.19, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$2.47 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$4.18. 2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$860. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$57, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$69, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$62 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$26. 3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$196. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$38, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.07 per minute. 4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$25800. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$16,814 for Primary School, and USD$18,711 for High School. 5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$2450. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$757, and USD$650 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV. 6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$820. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$2.75, 1 kg oranges USD$2.63, 1 head lettuce USD$0.90, 1 kg potatos USD$0.88, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$2.87, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$10.30, 1 dozen large eggs USD$1.28, 500g loaf white bread USD$0.76, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.52, and 1.5 L water USD$0.56. 7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$570. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$46, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,416. 8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$2100. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$1,620 in a central location, and USD$959 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities. 9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$500. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$9.79, while an international newspaper is USD$3.01. 10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$195. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$15, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$77. 11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$325. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$3.70, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$28 per month. 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$380. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$2.68, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$0.58, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$3.23, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$14.33. 13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$620. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$0.53, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$35,834. Johor Bahru is 27.6% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, -2.7% cheaper for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 4.6% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Johor Bahru for an expat from Perth, is for example 10%, i.e. host location (Johor Bahru) premium of 20% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Johor Bahru is ranked as a some hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Johor Bahru? Register subscribe to your home location and Johor Bahru and run your personalised reports.