Johor Bahru is the capital city of Johor and is the second largest urban area in Malaysia, after the national capital, Kuala Lumpur. Johor Bahru is an important industrial, tourism and commercial hub for southern Malaysia and one of the biggest industrial centres of the country. Major industries include electronics, resource and petrochemical refinery, and shipbuilding. Johor Bahru enjoys a close economic relationship with Singapore with a large number of residents in Johor Bahru working in Singapore and many Singaporeans living in Johor Bahru or visiting the city for shopping, entertainment, and dining. Malaysia is a peninsula in South Eastern Asia bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam. The climate is tropical with regular monsoons. The official language is Malay (or Bahasa Melayu as it is known inside the country). This is the medium of instruction in schools. However, most Malaysians (and almost all business people) understand English. Other languages that are spoken in the country include Tamil, Mandarin Chinese and a variety of Chinese dialects. The main religions are Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Christianity and Sikhism. The economy of Malaysia is a growing and relatively open state-oriented market economy. The state plays a significant but declining role in guiding economic activity through macroeconomic plans. Malaysia is a multicultural society, however the Malays, who are Muslims, are the majority. A great deal of importance is placed on status in Malaysia. It is important for expatriates to dress and behave with discretion and to treat others with respect. It is important to use titles, such as ‘Datuk' or ‘Tan Sri' or the hereditary title 'Tengku' when addressing the holders of such titles. Expatriate business dress is typically a business suit for men and women, alternatively women may wear a skirt that covers the knees and a high-necked blouse. The security risk for expatriates in Malaysia is low to medium. Risks include street crime, armed robbery, kidnapping, and the underlying threat of terrorism. The currency of Malaysia is the Malaysian Ringgit (MYR). Banking is on a par with that of Western Europe and North America. Medical facilities are good, however the cost of private care treatment for expatriates can be high. Dengue fever is common. Some states are rabies infected. The population of Johor Bahru is 1.6 Million (Metro) (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is -0.7% for Malaysia as at January 2019. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Malaysia is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 28%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Johor Bahru, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Johor Bahru as at 1 January 2019 is average in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very High 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: Low 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: High 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Very Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Average 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Average Johor Bahru is for example 34.2% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 5.5% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 35.4% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Johor Bahru for an expat from Perth, is for example 10%, i.e. host location (Johor Bahru) premium of 20% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Johor Bahru is ranked as a some hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Johor Bahru? Register subscribe to your home location and Johor Bahru and run your personalised reports.