Madagascar is an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique. The climate is tropical along the coast, temperate inland, and arid in the south. The official languages are French and Malagasy. French is the main business language and many ministers and government officials speak only French. Taxi drivers, waiters and shop assistants often speak only rudimentary French, particularly outside the capital Antananarivo. English is not widely spoken. The main religions are Indigenous beliefs and Christianity. The economy of Madagascar is reliant on agriculture, including fishing and forestry, accounting for 34 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and contributing more than 70 percent to export earnings. Industry features textile manufacturing and the processing of agricultural products. The people of Madagascar are generally known for being courteous and non-confrontational. Their accommodating culture can lead to misunderstandings with expatriates. Expatriate business dress is usually relatively formal in the form of lightweight suits. The security risk for expatriates in Madagascar is medium to high. Risks include petty crime (particularly in Antananarivo), poor roads, and protest action. Other risks include tropical storms and cyclones. The currency of Madagascar is the Malagasy Ariary (MGA). Medical facilities are generally below international standards. Hospitals in Antananarivo can generally only provide routine treatment. Complex surgery requires evacuation either to Mauritius, South Africa or Reunion. There is a relatively high rate of syphilis. Outbreaks of plague have occurred. The population of Madagascar is 21.8 Million (2017 est.), while the inflation rate is 9.2% (Sept 2017).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Madagascar, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Madagascar as at 1 January 2018 is low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Very Low 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Very Low 8) Household Accommodation: Very Low 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Very Low 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Low 13) Transport: High Madagascar is for example -37.5% cheaper than USA for groceries, -49.5% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 103.2% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Madagascar for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Madagascar) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Madagascar is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Madagascar? Register subscribe to your home location and Madagascar and run your personalised reports.