Madagascar is an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique. The climate is tropical along the coast, temperate inland, and arid in the south. The official languages are French and Malagasy. French is the main business language and many ministers and government officials speak only French. Taxi drivers, waiters and shop assistants often speak only rudimentary French, particularly outside the capital Antananarivo. English is not widely spoken. The main religions are Indigenous beliefs and Christianity. The economy of Madagascar is reliant on agriculture, including fishing and forestry, accounting for 34 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and contributing more than 70 percent to export earnings. Industry features textile manufacturing and the processing of agricultural products. The people of Madagascar are generally known for being courteous and non-confrontational. Their accommodating culture can lead to misunderstandings with expatriates. Expatriate business dress is usually relatively formal in the form of lightweight suits. The security risk for expatriates in Madagascar is medium to high. Risks include petty crime (particularly in Antananarivo), poor roads, and protest action. Other risks include tropical storms and cyclones. The currency of Madagascar is the Malagasy Ariary (MGA). Medical facilities are generally below international standards. Hospitals in Antananarivo can generally only provide routine treatment. Complex surgery requires evacuation either to Mauritius, South Africa or Reunion. There is a relatively high rate of syphilis. Outbreaks of plague have occurred. The population of Madagascar is 24.9 Million (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 5.3% for Madagascar as at September 2019. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Madagascar is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 20% with a minimum tax of MGA 2,000 for a salary of up to MGA 250,000. Within Madagascar we also cover Antananarivo.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Madagascar is as follows: Madagascar as at 1 November 2019 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$440. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$5.36, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$0.78, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$1.34 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$1.94. 2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$760. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$80, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$138, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$40 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$50. 3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$272. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$82, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.03 per minute. 4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$21000. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$13,678 for Primary School, and USD$15,222 for High School. 5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$2450. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$757, and USD$649 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV. 6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$430. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$0.96, 1 kg oranges USD$0.74, 1 head lettuce USD$0.12, 1 kg potatos USD$0.46, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$3.35, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$7.50, 1 dozen large eggs USD$1.69, 500g loaf white bread USD$0.44, 1 L full cream milk USD$0.87, and 1.5 L water USD$0.57. 7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$470. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$38, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,167. 8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$1250. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$1,196 in a central location, and USD$704 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities. 9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$565. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$10.97, while an international newspaper is USD$3.38. 10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$220. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$18, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$89. 11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$315. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$4.96, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$49 per month. 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$350. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$1.34, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$0.54, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$3.22, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$13.40. 13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$730. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$1.04, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$26,792. Madagascar is -42.8% cheaper than USA for groceries, -53.7% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 84.6% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Madagascar for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Madagascar) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Madagascar is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Madagascar? Register subscribe to your home location and Madagascar and run your personalised reports.