International cost of living and hardship / quality of living data for 780 global locations.
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Macedonia is in South Eastern Europe, north of Greece.
The climate is warm and dry in summer and autumn, and relatively cold in winter with heavy snowfall.
The official language is Macedonian. It is part of a Slavic group of languages similar to Serbian and Bulgarian, and is written in the Cyrillic script. The majority speak Macedonian, many younger members of ethnic minorities, particularly Albanians, either do not speak it well or choose not to for political reasons. Many street signs are in both the Cyrillic and Latin scripts. In areas where Albanians constitute an ethnic majority, signs are in both Macedonian and Albanian. Visitors may find it useful to familiarise themselves with the Cyrillic alphabet. English is the most widely spoken foreign language, followed by German, French, Russian, Italian and Spanish.
The main religions are Christianity and Islam.
The economy of Macedonia has undergone considerable economic reform since independence. The country has developed an open economy with trade accounting for more than 90% of GDP in recent years.
In Macedonia, business meetings are often relatively informal with eating and drinking a central part of business etiquette. Expatriate dress code is typically suits and ties for men and skirts and blouses for women. The safety risk for expatriates in Macedonia is low. Risks include protest action, organised crime and ethnically-motivated tension and violence.
The currency of Macedonia is the Macedonian Denar (MKD). Credit cards are generally accepted in most hotels and shops. Most ATMs accept international bank cards and are widely available.
Health care facilities are generally below international standards. West Nile virus has been reported.
The population is 2.1 Million (2019 est.), and the inflation rate (CPI) is -0.1% for Macedonia as at November 2019.
The Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Macedonia is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 18%.
Within Macedonia we also cover Skopje.
The cost of living for expatriates in Macedonia as at January 2020 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Macedonia is as follows:1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$590. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$5.71, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$1.03, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$1.30 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$3.03.2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$780. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$43, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$71, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$75 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$29.3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$108. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$15, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.11 per minute.4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$19200. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$12,567 for Primary School, and USD$13,985 for High School.5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$1400. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$597, and USD$512 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV.6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$410. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$0.98, 1 kg oranges USD$1.16, 1 head lettuce USD$0.47, 1 kg potatos USD$0.65, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$5.66, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$7.11, 1 dozen large eggs USD$1.87, 500g loaf white bread USD$0.62, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.14, and 1.5 L water USD$0.56.7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$480. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$39, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,203.8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$1400. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$1,434 in a central location, and USD$867 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities.9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$365. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$7.10, while an international newspaper is USD$2.18.10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$230. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$18, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$91.11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$255. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$5.82, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$25 per month.12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$370. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$1.55, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$1.52, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$3.73, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$22.02.13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$750. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$1.22, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$17,996.
Macedonia is -44.8% cheaper than USA for groceries, -49.7% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 92.4% more expensive for transport costs than India.
Macedonia is ranked as a high degree of hardship location.The hardship premium for Macedonia for an expat from Australia, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Macedonia) premium of 30% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%.