Kosovo is in South East Europe, between Serbia and Macedonia The climate is influenced by continental air masses resulting in relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns. The mediterranean and alpine influences create regional variation. The Albanian majority in Kosovo speak Albanian and refuse to speak Serbian. It will therefore be considered offensive to communicate in Serbian or other similar Slavic languages with Kosovar Albanians. Many Kosovars do now speak or understand basic English. The main religions are Islam and Christianity. The economy of Kosovo is one of the poorest in Europe. Despite substantial development subsidies Kosovo was the poorest province of the former Yugoslavia. Over the course of the 1990s, poor economic policies, international sanctions, weak access to external trade and finance, and ethnic conflict severely damaged the already weak economy. In Kosovo traditional customs are widely respected, however less formality is becoming more common. Expatriate business dress is conservative, comprising suits. Businesswomen are expected to dress conservatively. Women may be disregarded, even if they are in senior positions, in some of the country's more conservative areas. The security risk for expatriates in Kosovo is medium. Risks include street crime (particularly pickpocketing and bag-snatching in Pristina), organised crime, and risks related to poor infrastructure such as travel challenges and power cuts in winter. The currency of Kosovo is the Euro (EUR), however the Serbian Dinar is sometimes accepted in Serb-majority areas. Most transactions are cash based. Credit cards are accepted and there are some ATMs in Pristina and other major cities. Medical facilities are relatively poor and limited. Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever is endemic. West Nile virus has been reported. The population of Kosovo is 1.9 Million (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 2.9% for Kosovo as at December 2018. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Kosovo is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 10%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Kosovo, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Kosovo as at 1 January 2019 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Low 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Low 4) Education: Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Average 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: High 8) Household Accommodation: Very Low 9) Miscellaneous: Low 10) Personal Care: Very Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Average 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Low Kosovo is for example -31.6% cheaper than USA for groceries, -36.7% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 73% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Kosovo for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Kosovo) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Kosovo is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Kosovo? Register subscribe to your home location and Kosovo and run your personalised reports.