Kenya is in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania. The climate varies from tropical along the coast to arid in the interior. The official language is English. National language: Swahili. English is used more frequently than Swahili inland, particularly in Nairobi and its surrounding areas. Most signs are in English. The main religion is Christianity. The economy of Kenya is market-based, with some state-owned infrastructure enterprises, and maintains a liberalized external trade system. The economy’s heavy dependence on rain-fed agriculture and the tourism sector leaves it vulnerable to cycles of boom and bust. The agricultural sector employs nearly 75 percent of the country's 37 million people. Half of the sector’s output remains subsistence production. In Kenya making eye contact is an important way to establish trust. Handshakes are customary upon both business introductions and departures. Expatriate business dress is normally formal, comprising lightweight suits with a jacket and tie. The coastal regions have a significant Muslim population and modest dress is advised, particularly in Mombasa. Women should not wear sleeveless dresses or blouses. Eastern Africa has one of the highest rates of sexual assault and rape in the world. While the majority of cases occur in low-income communities, female expatriates should be alert to the increased risks and adopt sensible security precautions as a routine measure. The security risk for expatriates in Kenya is medium overall, but high in Nairobi and in the north, and extremely high in the remote border regions with Somalia. Risks include crime (violent and petty), terrorism, kidnapping, traffic accidents, and the risks associated with protest action. The currency of Kenya is the Kenyan Shilling (KES). ATMs are widely available and credit cards are widely accepted. Medical facilities are not generally comparable to those of Western Europe and North America. Cholera, malaria and dengue fever occur in Kenya. The population of Kenya is 43 Million (2017 est.), while the inflation rate is 4.5% (Dec 2017).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Kenya, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Kenya as at 1 January 2018 is low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Low 2) Clothing: Average 3) Communication: Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Low 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: Average 9) Miscellaneous: Average 10) Personal Care: Average 11) Recreation & Culture: Average 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Low Kenya is for example -17.6% cheaper than USA for groceries, -10.2% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 61.4% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Kenya for an expat from Australia, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Kenya) premium of 30% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Kenya is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Kenya? Register subscribe to your home location and Kenya and run your personalised reports.