Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and its largest city. Historically, Jerusalem's economy was supported almost exclusively by religious pilgrims, as it was located far from the major ports of Jaffa and Gaza. Jerusalem's religious landmarks today remain the top draw for foreign visitors, with the majority of tourists visiting the Western Wall and the Old City. The government, cantered in Jerusalem, generates a large number of jobs, and offers subsidies and incentives for new business initiatives and start-ups. Israel is in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon. The climate is temperate. It is hot and dry in the southern and eastern desert areas. The official languages are Hebrew and Arabic. English is also widely spoken. The main religions are Judaism and Islam. The economy of Israel, despite limited natural resources, has seen intensive development of the agricultural and industrial sectors over the past decades which has made Israel largely self-sufficient in food production, apart from grains and beef. Israelis tend to converse at a much closer physical distance than in the West. A handshake is an appropriate greeting, and a smile at initial contact is important. Expatriate business dress for men is typically a shirt and tie, while women generally wear a blouse with either slacks or a skirt, but should dress modestly if passing through ultra-Orthodox Jewish areas. The security risk for expatriates in Israel is generally low to medium. Risks include militant terrorist attacks, arbitrary rocket fire, petty crime such as theft, and poor standards of driving. Expatriates should be cautious not to offend local cultures and religious sensitivities with regard to dress and behaviour. The currency of Israel is the Israeli New Shekel (ILS). There are ATMs in Israel and Jerusalem that accept international cards. Medical facilities are good but can be expensive. Hospitals may insist on payment and may delay departure until bills are met. The population of Jerusalem is 1.2 Million (Metro) (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 0.3% for Israel as at September 2019. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Israel is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 50%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Jerusalem is as follows: Jerusalem as at 1 November 2019 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$890. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$11.42, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$2.03, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$2.78 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$9.99. 2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$1170. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$89, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$116, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$120 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$58. 3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$142. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$26, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.10 per minute. 4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$27900. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$18,058 for Primary School, and USD$20,096 for High School. 5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$3550. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$922, and USD$791 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV. 6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$840. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$2.91, 1 kg oranges USD$1.38, 1 head lettuce USD$1.28, 1 kg potatos USD$1.00, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$8.53, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$11.67, 1 dozen large eggs USD$3.54, 500g loaf white bread USD$1.59, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.57, and 1.5 L water USD$1.58. 7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$730. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$59, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,815. 8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$3450. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$3,196 in a central location, and USD$2,003 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities. 9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$725. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$14.09, while an international newspaper is USD$4.34. 10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$455. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$36, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$181. 11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$505. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$11.42, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$74 per month. 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$1120. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$3.14, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$2.33, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$14.27, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$68.49. 13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$1020. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$1.82, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$37,672. Jerusalem is 30.8% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 61.3% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 73.6% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Jerusalem for an expat from Perth, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Jerusalem) premium of 30% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Jerusalem is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Jerusalem? Register subscribe to your home location and Jerusalem and run your personalised reports.