Iraq is in the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait. The climate is mostly desert with mild to cool winters and dry, hot, cloudless summers. The northern mountainous regions along the Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq. The official language is Arabic. Kurdish is predominately spoken in the north. English is the for the reconstruction and humanitarian activities, but travelling with an Arabic speaker is advised. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Iraq is dominated by the oil sector, which has traditionally provided about 95% of foreign exchange earnings. There have been attempts by the international community to improve and repair the infrastructure of Iraq in the aftermath of the 2003 invasion, when much was destroyed. Business dress for expatriate businessmen is a suit, while women should dress modestly. The working week is Sunday to Thursday. The security risk for expatriates in Iraq is extremely high. Risks include kidnapping (particularly of expatriates) by armed terror groups, militant attacks, suicide attacks, roadside bombings, and shootings, as well as violent crime including carjacking, robbery, rape and murder. The currency of Iraq is the Iraqi Dinar (IQD). Medical facilities are limited. Serious medical emergency would require evacuation. Cholera has been reported. The population of Iraq is 37.2 Million (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 0.8% for Iraq as at November 2018. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Iraq is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 15%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Iraq, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Iraq as at 1 January 2019 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Average 3) Communication: Average 4) Education: Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Very Low 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: Very Low 10) Personal Care: Average 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Low 13) Transport: Very Low Iraq is for example -23.2% cheaper than USA for groceries, -25.6% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 32.3% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Iraq for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Iraq) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Iraq is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Iraq? Register subscribe to your home location and Iraq and run your personalised reports.