International Cost of Living Calculator

We provide international cost of living and hardship data so that you can create reports online (24X7) using any of the calculators:

Expat Salary: Salary purchasing power parity calculator, for simple cost of living comparison and international salary calculation (e.g. to compare a salary offer).

Cost of Living Comparison: Cost of living allowance calculator, compares cost of living and hardship and calculates a cost of living allowance based on the difference.

International Cost of Living Index: Cost of living index calculator, compares multiple locations to a home base (e.g. international offices compared to HQ).

International Assignment: International assignment management calculator, for global mobility managers who use the build-up approach for detailed international assignment salary and allowance calculations.

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Mobility Calculators

Do you need a Cost of Living Comparison Calculator?

The global cost of living calculators have been created to compare the cost of living in every country and major city in the world, to help you manage short and long term assignments (page down for a description of each cost of living calculator):

Cost of Living Allowance
Cost of Living Index
International Assignment Management
Salary Purchasing Power Parity
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International Cost of Living Calculator Pricing

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Annual Subscription = $89 per location (minimum of 2 locations required)

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Location Rankings

Cost of Living Comparison by City and Country

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Most Expensive Location Rankings

Latest Basket Group Rankings

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Location Reviews

Cost of Living Review by City and Country


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Eritrea, All Areas

Eritrea, All AreasEritrea is in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. The climate is desert, hot and dry along the Red Sea coast but cooler and wetter in the central highlands, and semi arid in western hills and lowlands.

English and Italian are widely spoken among the business community. Tigrinya is the main local language, though Arabic, Afar, Bilen, Hedareb, Kunama, Naro and Saho are also spoken. The main religions are Islam and Christianity.

The economy of Eritrea is largely based on subsistence agriculture, with 80% of the population involved in farming and herding. Drought has often created difficulty in the farming areas.

Business culture is similar to that of Western Europe and North America. Expatriate business dress comprises suits for official meetings, otherwise a shirt and tie is appropriate for men. For women modest dress to avoid offending Muslim sensibilities is required.

The security risk for expatriates in Eritrea is medium, but high on the borders with Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti. Risks include petty crime throughout, and military raids and landmines in the border regions.

The currency of Eritrea is the Nakfa (ERN). Nakfa are not convertible outside Eritrea and requires the original currency transaction receipt. Eritrea is a cash based economy. There are no credit card or ATMs facilities. Most hotels in Eritrea require payment in US Dollars, however it is illegal to use foreign currency for purchases outside of officially-recognised hotels.

Medical facilities are limited. Serious or complex medical treatment may require evacuation which can be expensive.

The population of Eritrea is 5 Million (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 9% for Eritrea as at December 2017.

For a single Expat, the personal income tax rate in Eritrea is progressive up to 30%.

Cost Of Living

The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in Eritrea as at 1 April 2018 is high in comparison to other places in the world.

In Eritrea, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports):
1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Low
2) Clothing: Low
3) Communication: Low
4) Education: Very High
5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High
6) Groceries: Very High
7) Healthcare: Average
8) Household Accommodation: Very Low
9) Miscellaneous: Very High
10) Personal Care: Very High
11) Recreation & Culture: Very High
12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: High
13) Transport: Very High

Eritrea is for example 34.6% more expensive than USA for groceries, -69.2% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 188.6% more expensive for transport costs than India.

Eritrea is ranked as a extreme hardship location.

The hardship premium for Eritrea for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Eritrea) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%.

Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Eritrea? Register subscribe to your home location and Eritrea and run your personalised reports.