Egypt is in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula. The climate is desert with hot, dry summers and moderate winters. The official language is Arabic. English is widely spoken in business circles in Cairo and Alexandria; while French and German are less common. English is often used in business correspondence, most road signs and company logos carry English translations. Attempts to use Arabic are appreciated. The main religions are Islam and Christianity. The economy of Egypt depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and tourism; there are also more than three million Egyptians working abroad, mainly in Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf and Europe. In Egypt Islamic values and local cultural sensitivities should be respected. It is not advisable to take photographs of local people, or official buildings etc. It is advisable to use your right hand for eating, greeting and accepting gifts. Expatriate business dress is conservative and formal. Expatriate women generally dress modestly, with high necklines, hems below the knee and sleeves at least to the elbows. The working week is Sunday to Thursday. The security risk for expatriates in Egypt is medium, but high in North Sinai. Risks include those related to political activism, and terrorism, as well as violent protests, however these are not specifically targeted at expatriates. Expatriates should however be cautious not to offend Muslim sensibilities. The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian Pound (EGP). ATMs are common, especially in the main tourist / expatriate areas. International hotels mostly accept payment by credit card. Medical facilities outside Cairo and other major cities and resorts are generally relatively basic and require immediate payment. Hepatitis A infections have been reported. The population of Egypt is 96.9 Million (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 3.1% for Egypt as at October 2019. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Egypt is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 22.5%. Within Egypt we also cover Alexandria, Cairo, and Gizeh.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Egypt is as follows: Egypt as at 1 November 2019 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$580. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$9.20, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$1.44, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$2.08 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$2.45. 2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$770. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$42, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$127, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$64 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$49. 3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$94. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$18, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.01 per minute. 4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$18300. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$11,943 for Primary School, and USD$13,291 for High School. 5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$1725. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$644, and USD$553 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV. 6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$420. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$1.47, 1 kg oranges USD$0.40, 1 head lettuce USD$0.29, 1 kg potatos USD$0.47, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$4.51, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$3.13, 1 dozen large eggs USD$1.14, 500g loaf white bread USD$0.58, 1 L full cream milk USD$0.88, and 1.5 L water USD$0.31. 7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$680. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$55, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,702. 8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$2800. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$2,062 in a central location, and USD$1,208 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities. 9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$270. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$5.26, while an international newspaper is USD$1.62. 10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$425. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$34, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$170. 11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$225. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$4.60, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$24 per month. 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$290. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$1.70, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$0.32, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$4.60, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$18.40. 13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$480. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$0.44, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$27,290. Egypt is -43.1% cheaper than USA for groceries, 6.1% more expensive for household costs than UK, and 21.6% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Egypt for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Egypt) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Egypt is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Egypt? Register subscribe to your home location and Egypt and run your personalised reports.