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Thimphu is the capital and largest city of Bhutan. Thimphu became a town in 1961 and grew as the capital of Bhutan. Before 1960, Thimphu was a small settlement but was developed by the King Jigme Dorje Wangchuk to replace the ancient capital of Punakha. Rapid expansion following the pattern of rural exodus has resulted in considerable rebuilding in the city centre and mushrooming suburban development elsewhere.Bhutan is in Southern Asia, between China and India. The climate varies from tropical in the southern plains, to cool winters and hot summers in central valleys and severe winters and cool summers in the Himalayas.The official language is Dzongkha. It is related to Sikkimese and more distantly to Tibetan. English is taught in schools and is widely spoken. The main religions are Buddhism (official) and Hinduism.The economy of Bhutan is based on agriculture, forestry, tourism and the sale of hydroelectric power to India. Agriculture provides the main livelihood for more than 80 percent of the population. Agrarian practices consist largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry.Bhutanese society is primarily influenced by Buddhism. Business clothing is typically a lightweight suit in the south, however, Thimphu is more formal. It is advisable to dress modestly and to observe and respect local clothing customs.The security risk for expatriates in Bhutan is low. Risks are mainly those of petty crime, particularly in the border towns. Other risks include those related to the poor road safety and driving conditions. The use of a local driver is recommended.The currency of Bhutan is the Bhutan Ngultrum (BTN). Banking is limited.Medical facilities are basic. Altitude sickness can be a challenge for expatriates and visitors. For serious medical treatment, emergency helicopter evacuation to India is usually required.The population of Thimphu is 104,000 (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 3.4% for Bhutan as at June 2019.Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Bhutan is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 25%.