Bhutan is in Southern Asia, between China and India. The climate varies from tropical in the southern plains, to cool winters and hot summers in central valleys and severe winters and cool summers in the Himalayas. The official language is Dzongkha. It is related to Sikkimese and more distantly to Tibetan. English is taught in schools and is widely spoken. The main religions are Buddhism (official) and Hinduism. The economy of Bhutan is based on agriculture, forestry, tourism and the sale of hydroelectric power to India. Agriculture provides the main livelihood for more than 80 percent of the population. Agrarian practices consist largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry. Bhutanese society is primarily influenced by Buddhism. Business clothing is typically a lightweight suit in the south, however, Thimphu is more formal. It is advisable to dress modestly and to observe and respect local clothing customs. The security risk for expatriates in Bhutan is low. Risks are mainly those of petty crime, particularly in the border towns. Other risks include those related to the poor road safety and driving conditions. The use of a local driver is recommended. The currency of Bhutan is the Bhutan Ngultrum (BTN). Banking is limited. Medical facilities are basic. Altitude sickness can be a challenge for expatriates and visitors. For serious medical treatment, emergency helicopter evacuation to India is usually required. The population of Bhutan is 797,800 (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 3.96% for Bhutan as at December 2017. For a single Expat, the personal income tax rate in Bhutan is progressive up to 25%.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Bhutan, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Bhutan as at 1 April 2018 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: Very Low 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Very Low 8) Household Accommodation: Very Low 9) Miscellaneous: Low 10) Personal Care: Very Low 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Low 13) Transport: Very Low Bhutan is for example -28.3% cheaper than USA for groceries, -58.1% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 23% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Bhutan for an expat from Australia, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Bhutan) premium of 30% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Bhutan is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Bhutan? Register subscribe to your home location and Bhutan and run your personalised reports.