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International cost of living and hardship / quality of living data for 780 global locations.


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Bahrain, Manama
Overview

Bahrain, ManamaManama is the capital and largest city of Bahrain. Manama is the focal point of the Bahraini economy. Several multinationals have facilities and offices in and around Manama. The economic base for Manama itself is financial services, with over two hundred financial institutions and banks based in the CBD and the Diplomatic Area.

Bahrain is in the Middle East, it is an archipelago in the Arabian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia. The climate is arid and mild with pleasant winters and very hot, humid summers.

The official language is Arabic. Meetings with foreigners are usually conducted in English as most Bahrainis can speak the language. Some knowledge of Arabic is always appreciated, some sections of the non-Bahraini population also speak Persian (Farsi) and Urdu. The main religion is Islam.

The economy of Bahrain is largely based on petroleum and natural gas, the only significant natural resources in Bahrain, which provide about 60% of budget revenues. Bahrain was the first Persian Gulf state to discover crude oil. Because of limited reserves, Bahrain has worked to diversify its economy over the past decade.

Bahrain is conservative and traditional, but tolerant of other cultures. Conservative, modest dress is expected and displays of affection in public places is not acceptable. Although available, consumption of alcohol and pork products is illegal for Muslims and is highly regulated. During the holy month of Ramadan, although expatriates are not expected to fast, they are expected to avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public. Business meetings are formal and business suits are appropriate for expatriates. Bahrainis wear either a suit or a traditional ankle-length robe. Businesswomen can travel alone on business to Bahrain. The working week is Sunday to Thursday.

The security risk for expatriates in Bahrain is medium. Risks include those related to protests, demonstrations and terrorism. Bahrain is relatively liberal, compared with neighbouring countries, however expatriates should be cautious not to offend Muslim sensibilities.

The currency of Bahrain is the Bahraini Dinar (BHD), fixed to the US dollar.

Medical facilities are good however costs of treatment can be high.

The population of Manama is 411,000 (Urban) (2019 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 1.9% for Bahrain as at October 2019.

Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Bahrain is based on the current personal income tax rate which is 0% as there is no personal income tax. However employees contribute to Social Insurance.


Cost Of Living

The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in Manama as at 1 November 2019 is high in comparison to other places in the world.

We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Manama is as follows:
1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$1410. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$21.22, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$4.42, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$6.25 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$5.30.
2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$890. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$43, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$74, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$69 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$46.
3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$272. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$48, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.12 per minute.
4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$27300. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$17,797 for Primary School, and USD$19,805 for High School.
5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$2300. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$732, and USD$628 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV.
6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$690. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$2.16, 1 kg oranges USD$2.25, 1 head lettuce USD$2.43, 1 kg potatos USD$1.23, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$5.80, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$5.99, 1 dozen large eggs USD$3.06, 500g loaf white bread USD$1.06, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.73, and 1.5 L water USD$0.74.
7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$560. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$45, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,392.
8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$3000. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$2,919 in a central location, and USD$1,790 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities.
9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$540. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$10.52, while an international newspaper is USD$3.24.
10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$280. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$22, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$111.
11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$445. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$9.28, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$66 per month.
12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$810. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$4.72, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$0.68, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$6.63, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$39.78.
13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$650. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$0.49, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$21,218.

Manama is 6.5% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 40.7% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and 10.2% more expensive for transport costs than Dubai.

Manama is ranked as a high degree of hardship location.

The hardship premium for Manama for an expat from Perth, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Manama) premium of 30% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%.

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