Manama is the capital and largest city of Bahrain. Manama is the focal point of the Bahraini economy. Several multinationals have facilities and offices in and around Manama. The economic base for Manama itself is financial services, with over two hundred financial institutions and banks based in the CBD and the Diplomatic Area. Bahrain is in the Middle East, it is an archipelago in the Arabian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia. The climate is arid and mild with pleasant winters and very hot, humid summers. The official language is Arabic. Meetings with foreigners are usually conducted in English as most Bahrainis can speak the language. Some knowledge of Arabic is always appreciated, some sections of the non-Bahraini population also speak Persian (Farsi) and Urdu. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Bahrain is largely based on petroleum and natural gas, the only significant natural resources in Bahrain, which provide about 60% of budget revenues. Bahrain was the first Persian Gulf state to discover crude oil. Because of limited reserves, Bahrain has worked to diversify its economy over the past decade. Bahrain is conservative and traditional, but tolerant of other cultures. Conservative, modest dress is expected and displays of affection in public places is not acceptable. Although available, consumption of alcohol and pork products is illegal for Muslims and is highly regulated. During the holy month of Ramadan, although expatriates are not expected to fast, they are expected to avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public. Business meetings are formal and business suits are appropriate for expatriates. Bahrainis wear either a suit or a traditional ankle-length robe. Businesswomen can travel alone on business to Bahrain. The working week is Sunday to Thursday. The security risk for expatriates in Bahrain is medium. Risks include those related to protests, demonstrations and terrorism. Bahrain is relatively liberal, compared with neighbouring countries, however expatriates should be cautious not to offend Muslim sensibilities. The currency of Bahrain is the Bahraini Dinar (BHD), fixed to the US dollar. Medical facilities are good however costs of treatment can be high. The population of Manama is 411,000 (Urban) (2018 est.), while the inflation rate (CPI) is 2% for Bahrain as at December 2018. Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Bahrain is based on the current personal income tax rate which is 0% as there is no personal income tax. However employees contribute to Social Insurance.
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Manama, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Manama as at 1 January 2019 is average in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very High 2) Clothing: High 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: High 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Low 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very High 13) Transport: Very Low Manama is for example 4.7% more expensive than Houston TX for groceries, 40.5% more expensive for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and -6.1% cheaper for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Manama for an expat from Perth, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Manama) premium of 30% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Manama is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Manama? Register subscribe to your home location and Manama and run your personalised reports.