International cost of living and hardship / quality of living data for 780 global locations.
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Albania is in South Eastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece in the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north.
The climate is mild to temperate with cool, cloudy, wet winters and hot, clear, dry summers. The interior is cooler and wetter.
The official language is Albanian. It is an Indo-European language that most foreigners will find difficult to understand or learn. An interpreter is essential. English, Italian and Greek are spoken by a few people.
The main religions are Islam and Christianity.
The economy of Albania is poor-performing by Western European standards, but is making the difficult transition to a more open-market economy from its communist past.
In Albania traditional customs are widely respected, however less formality is becoming more common. Take note that shaking your head from left to right means 'yes', while nodding your head up and down means 'no'. The safety risk for expatriates in Albania is low overall, but medium in the north. Risks include street crime (such as pickpocketing, mugging and carjacking), poor road conditions, inadequate signage, poor public transport and poor communications.
The currency of Albania is the Albanian Lek (ALL). Major credit and debit cards are generally accepted in larger businesses, however smaller businesses and taxis often only accept cash. There are ATMs in Tirana and the main towns. There have been some cases of credit card fraud.
Health care facilities are very poor, particularly outside Tirana.
The population is 2.9 Million (2019 est.), and the inflation rate (CPI) is 1.4% for Albania as at November 2019.
The Xpatulator Hypothetical Tax for Albania is based on the current personal income tax rates which are progressive up to 23%. The first ALL 30,000 is tax free.
Within Albania we also cover Tirana.
The cost of living for expatriates in Albania as at January 2020 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. We have collected prices for the same items, world wide, based on Expat spending norms, in or closest to the location, and converted them to $USD so that we can compare the cost of 13 different baskets in 780 global locations. For each basket, compared to New York, the equivalent cost in Albania is as follows:1) Alcohol and/or Tobacco: for items such as beer, spirits, wine and tobacco related products such as cigarettes. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$430. Average price in a store for a midrange bottle of wine is USD$8.29, domestic/local beer (500ml) USD$1.08, imported/international beer (330ml) USD$1.52 and a pack of 20 cigarettes is USD$3.68.2) Clothing: for items such as business, casual and children's clothing and footwear. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$650. Average price for an international brand of mens jeans is USD$44, a quality international brand of running shoes USD$78, mens leather shoes suitable for office wear USD$90 while a medium size international summer dress from a global chain store is USD$35.3) Communication: for various communication costs such as home telephone rental, internet subscription, mobile service provider tariff and data costs. A basket costing USD$200 in New York costs USD$220. Average price for a monthly standard plan internet subscription is USD$21, while the benchmark mobile tariff is USD$0.23 per minute.4) Education: for items such as creche / pre-school fees, primary school fees, high school fees and tertiary study fees. A basket costing USD$30000 in New York costs USD$18300. Average annual private international school fee (excluding extras) USD$11,963 for Primary School, and USD$13,313 for High School.5) Furniture & Appliances: for items such as dining table and chairs, home entertainment, kitchen appliances, and sofas. A basket costing USD$2500 in New York costs USD$1500. Average price for a 6kg front loader Washing Machine is USD$610, and USD$524 for a 46+'' LED UHD TV.6) Groceries: for items such as consumables, cleaning products, dairy, fresh fruit & vegetables, general food products, snacks, soft drinks. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$440. Average grocery prices in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is USD$1.14, 1 kg oranges USD$1.40, 1 head lettuce USD$0.90, 1 kg potatos USD$0.79, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast USD$6.05, 1 kg cheddar cheese USD$7.03, 1 dozen large eggs USD$2.07, 500g loaf white bread USD$0.78, 1 L full cream milk USD$1.47, and 1.5 L water USD$0.62.7) Healthcare: for general heath care, doctor visits, hospital stays, non-prescription medicine, and medical insurance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$460. Average healthcare cost for a private practice Doctor visit for an uninsured patient is USD$37, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is USD$1,147.8) Household Accommodation: for items such as apartment rent, house rent, property purchase, mortgage rate, and utilities. A basket costing USD$5000 in New York costs USD$1550. Average expatriate house / apartment rent for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is USD$1,688 in a central location, and USD$982 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities.9) Miscellaneous: for items such as dry cleaning, linen, magazines, newspapers, office supplies, and postage stamps. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$280. Average price for dry cleaning (1 mens 2 pc suit) is USD$5.45, while an international newspaper is USD$1.68.10) Personal Care: for items such as cosmetics, hair care, and toiletries. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$190. Average cost for a mens haircut and blow dry is USD$15, while a womens hair colour, cut and blow dry - medium length is USD$76.11) Recreation & Culture: for items such as books, cinema, sport and theatre tickets. A basket costing USD$500 in New York costs USD$245. Average price for a latest release international cinema ticket (average of on and off peak where applicable) for one adult is USD$5.93, and an international fitness, recreation or sports club membership cost for one adult is USD$40 per month.12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: for items such as hotel daily room rates, meals and beverages in a restaurant, and take away food and beverages. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$460. Average cappuccino price (regular, medium) is USD$1.69, coke/pepsi (330ml) USD$1.42, burger meal (international franchise or similar) USD$5.93, and a mid-range international restaurant meal for 2 USD$29.64.13) Transport: for items such as fuel (petrol/gasoline), car hire, public transport, vehicle purchase and maintenance. A basket costing USD$1000 in New York costs USD$690. Average average price over the last year for highest available octane petrol / gasoline (1L) is USD$1.61, while the benchmark car sedan purchase price including taxes/duties for a compact / small / economy vehicle (1.4 L) is USD$18,238.
Albania is -40.9% cheaper than USA for groceries, -43.5% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 75.5% more expensive for transport costs than India.
Albania is ranked as a high degree of hardship location.The hardship premium for Albania for an expat from Australia, is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Albania) premium of 30% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%.