Afghanistan is a landlocked country in Central, and Southern Asia and is part of the Greater Middle East. It is bordered in the north by Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan; south and east by Pakistan, west by Iran and in the far northeast by China. The climate is arid to semi arid with cold winters and hot summers. Dari (Afghan Persian) and Pashto are the country's official languages, the former is used in business and government. English is spoken among the elite, but to a lesser degree by the rest of the population. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Afghanistan has improved significantly since 2002 due to the infusion of multi-billion US dollars in international assistance and investments, remittances from expats, dramatic improvements in agricultural production and the end of a four-year drought in most of the country. However, Afghanistan still remains one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world and is highly dependent on foreign aid. In Afghanistan conservative Islamic values should be respected. Men and women are strictly segregated. It is advisable to use your right hand for eating, greeting and accepting gifts. It is not advisable to take photographs of local people, or official buildings etc. Expatriate women should dress modestly in public and ensure hair, arms and legs are covered. They should also be accompanied by an expatriate male colleague and sit in the back seat of vehicles. The working week is Sunday to Thursday. Businesses are closed on Fridays. The security risk for expatriates is extreme in Afghanistan. Risks include armed insurgent activities targeted at the government and foreign security personnel, suicide attacks, armed robbery, petty theft, carjacking and rape. The currency of Afghanistan is the Afghanistan Afghani (AFN). Credit cards are not accepted. Some ATMs in Kabul dispense US dollars as well as the local currency. Medical facilities are limited. Diarrhoeal diseases and other gastrointestinal infections are common. Respiratory tuberculosis is common. Malaria is present. The population of Afghanistan is 34.6 Million (2017 est.), while the inflation rate is 3.1% (Nov 2017).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Afghanistan, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Afghanistan as at 1 January 2018 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Low 7) Healthcare: High 8) Household Accommodation: Very Low 9) Miscellaneous: Average 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Low 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Low Afghanistan is for example -17.5% cheaper than USA for groceries, -59.6% cheaper for household costs than UK, and 52.1% more expensive for transport costs than India. The hardship premium for Afghanistan for an expat from Australia, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Afghanistan) premium of 40% minus home (Australia) location premium of 10%. Afghanistan is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Afghanistan? Register subscribe to your home location and Afghanistan and run your personalised reports.