Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran. Tehran is the economic centre of Iran. About 30% of Iran's public-sector workforce and 45% of large industrial firms are located in Tehran and almost half of these workers work for the government. Most of the remainder of workers are factory workers, shopkeepers, labourers, and transport workers. Iran is in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan. Mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast. Rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts. The official language is Persian (Farsi). Foreigners are not expected to be able to speak Persian, though hosts will be impressed if they can say a few words. English is widely understood. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Iran is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture, and small-scale private trading and service ventures. Its economic infrastructure has been improving steadily over the past two decades but continues to be affected by inflation and unemployment. The security risk for expatriates in Iran is medium, but high in Sistan-e-Balochistan, which is relatively underdeveloped, desolate, and poor. Risks include low levels of petty and violent crime (mainly in poor urban areas), and risks associated with protest action. Expatriates should be cautious not to offend local culture and religious sensitivities with regard to dress and behaviour. The population in Tehran is 13.4 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 16.6% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Tehran as at 1 April 2015 is high in comparison to other places in the world. In Tehran, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: Average 4) Education: Very High 5) Furniture & Appliances: Average 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Very High 8) Household Accommodation: Very High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Very High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Average 13) Transport: Low Tehran is for example -21.1% cheaper than Montevideo for groceries, 49% more expensive for household costs than Durban, and -9.9% cheaper for transport costs than Athens. Tehran is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Tehran for an expat from Zurich is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Tehran) premium of 40% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Tehran? Register subscribe to your home location and Tehran and run your personalised reports.