Leeds is a city and metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England. Leeds is the cultural, financial and commercial heart of the wider West Yorkshire Urban Area. Leeds is the UK's largest centre for business, legal, and financial services outside London. The United Kingdom is in Western Europe, and consists of islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France. Temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast. Mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast. The official language is English. There are areas (such as north-western Wales and remote parts of Scotland) where it is the second language. French is the most commonly taught second language. The main religion is Christianity. The economy of the United Kingdom is that of a major developed capitalist economy. The United Kingdom is one of the world's most globalised countries. The British economy is made up of the economies of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. In 1973, the UK acceded to the European Economic Community which is now known as the European Union after the ratification of the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993. The UK economy had been one of the strongest EU economies in terms of inflation, interest rates and unemployment, all of which remained relatively low until the 2008-09 recession, when unemployment rose dramatically, and interest rates fell to 0.5%. The security risk for expatriates in the United Kingdom is low. Risks include opportunistic street crime (such as pickpocketing, bag-snatching, mugging and vehicle theft), violent crime in some areas of larger cities, and terrorism. The population in Leeds is 0.799 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 1.9% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Leeds as at 1 July 2015 is high in comparison to other places in the world. In Leeds, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Average 2) Clothing: High 3) Communication: Average 4) Education: High 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Average 7) Healthcare: Average 8) Household Accommodation: High 9) Miscellaneous: High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Average 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very High 13) Transport: Very High Leeds is for example -2% cheaper than Montevideo for groceries, 7.4% more expensive for household costs than Durban, and 42.8% more expensive for transport costs than Athens. Leeds is ranked as a minimal hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Leeds for an expat from Zurich is for example 0%, i.e. host location (Leeds) premium of 10% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Leeds? Register subscribe to your home location and Leeds and run your personalised reports.