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Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and 5th largest city proper in the world. The economy of Istanbul has always been the centre of Turkey's economic life because of its location as a junction of international land and sea trade routes. Istanbul is also Turkey's largest industrial centre. Istanbul and surrounding province produce cotton, fruit, olive oil, silk, and tobacco. Food processing, textile production, oil products, rubber, metal ware, leather, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, electronics, glass, machinery, automotive, transport vehicles, paper and paper products, and alcoholic drinks are among the city's major industrial products.Turkey is in South Eastern Europe and South-western Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria. Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior. High central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges.The official language is Turkish. Most business people and administrators have a good working knowledge of English or German. Most hotel clerks and company receptionists are easily versable, and visitors are unlikely to encounter language problems. A few words of Turkish will always be appreciated. The main religion is Islam.The economy of Turkey is largely dominated by modern industries and the services sector. The country is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ships and other transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances.The population in Istanbul is 13.3 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 9.16% (2014 est.).