Tunis is the capital and largest city of Tunisia. Tunis is the heartland of the Tunisian economy and is the industrial and economic hub of the country. Products include textiles, carpets, and olive oil. Tourism also provides a significant portion of the city's income. Tunisia is in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya. Temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south. Mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara. The official language is Arabic. French is used in business and government and is mostly spoken. While only a few Tunisians are proficient in English, the number of English speakers is increasing. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Tunisia is in the process of economic reform and liberalization after decades of heavy state direction and participation in the economy. Economic and fiscal planning have resulted in moderate but sustained growth for over a decade. Tunisia's economic growth historically has depended on oil, phosphates, agri-food products, car parts manufacturing, and tourism. The security risk for expatriates in Tunisia is low overall, but high in the south and the interior. Risks include ongoing economic challenges, petty crime, strikes, protests and incursions by armed groups along the border with Libya. The population in Tunis is 2.4 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 5.7% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Tunis as at 1 January 2015 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. In Tunis, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Average 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Very Low 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: Low 10) Personal Care: Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Very Low 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Very Low Tunis is for example -35% cheaper than Montevideo for groceries, -15.7% cheaper for household costs than Durban, and -39.9% cheaper for transport costs than Athens. Tunis is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Tunis for an expat from Zurich is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Tunis) premium of 30% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Tunis? Register subscribe to your home location and Tunis and run your personalised reports.