Dili is the capital and largest city of East Timor. Dili is the chief port and commercial centre for East Timor. Timor-Leste is in South Eastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - Timor-Leste includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco. Tropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons. Mountainous. The official languages are Tetum and Portuguese. Indonesian and English are used in business and as working languages. The main religion is Christianity. The economy of East Timor is one of the world's poorest, in part due to decades of both neglect and misaligned economic priorities under Portuguese and subsequent Indonesian administration. The security risk for expatriates in East Timor is medium. Risks include general crime particularly in urban areas such as Dili, occasional protests with associated stone throwing and vandalism, as well as gang violence. Other risks include those related to poor infrastructure and limited security. The population in Dili is 0.194 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is -0.6% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Dili as at 1 July 2015 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. In Dili, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Very High 7) Healthcare: Very High 8) Household Accommodation: Very High 9) Miscellaneous: High 10) Personal Care: Very High 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: High 13) Transport: Low Dili is for example 48.3% more expensive than Montevideo for groceries, 35% more expensive for household costs than Durban, and -0.1% cheaper for transport costs than Athens. Dili is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Dili for an expat from Zurich is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Dili) premium of 40% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Dili? Register subscribe to your home location and Dili and run your personalised reports.