Khartoum is the capital of Sudan and of Khartoum State. Khartoum has a thriving economy. In recent years Khartoum has seen significant development, driven by Sudan's oil wealth. The centre of the city is well-planned, with tree-lined streets. Sudan is in Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea. Tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November). Generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north. The official language is Arabic. English is widely spoken and understood, including in business circles. The main religions are Islam, Christianity. The economy of Sudan has been buffeted by civil war, political instability, adverse weather, weak world commodity prices, a drop in remittances from abroad, and counterproductive economic policies. The private sector's main areas of activity are agriculture and trading, with most private industrial investment predating 1980. Agriculture employs 80% of the work force. The security risk for expatriates in Sudan is high, but extreme in the Darfur region. Risks include petty crime, violent crime, social unrest, sporadic clashes, communal tensions, and in the Darfur region the additional high risk of kidnapping. The population in Khartoum is 5.3 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 45.3% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Khartoum as at 1 October 2015 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. In Khartoum, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: High 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High 6) Groceries: Very High 7) Healthcare: Average 8) Household Accommodation: Average 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: High 13) Transport: Average Khartoum is for example 30.8% more expensive than Montevideo for groceries, -1.6% cheaper for household costs than Durban, and 8.5% more expensive for transport costs than Athens. Khartoum is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Khartoum for an expat from Zurich is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Khartoum) premium of 40% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Khartoum? Register subscribe to your home location and Khartoum and run your personalised reports.