Moscow is the capital and the largest city of Russia. Moscow is one of largest city economies in Europe and it comprises approximately 20% of Russian GDP. Russia is in Northern Asia (the area west of the Urals is considered part of Europe), bordering the Arctic Ocean, between Europe and the North Pacific Ocean. The climate ranges from humid continental in much of European Russia, subarctic in Siberia, to tundra climate in the polar north. The official language is Russian. The younger generation commonly speak English, but the language barrier can be a problem with older business people and an interpreter is generally needed. French and German are the most commonly spoken languages after English. Knowledge of the Cyrillic script is essential for reading the names of streets and metro stations. The main religions are Christianity and Islam. The economy of Russia is the eighth largest economy in the world by nominal value and the sixth largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Oil, natural gas, metals, and timber account for more than 80% of Russian exports abroad. In Russia dinners often involve a series of toasts, guests are generally expected to offer a reciprocal toast. Formal business dress is considered a sign of authority. The security risk for expatriates in Russia is medium to high, but extreme for The North Caucasus. Risks include petty crime and poor infrastructure including roads, while violent crime involving expatriates is rare. Additional risks in the North Caucasus include conflict between security forces and militants, and kidnapping. The currency of Russia is the Russian Rouble (RUB). US dollars or Euros are best for exchange in Russia at banks, hotels and airport exchange bureaux. Most hotels, restaurants and larger shops accept credit cards. ATMs are available in most major cities. Medical facilities vary but are generally good, however the cost of treatment for expatriates can be high. Air quality in Moscow can worsen in certain weather conditions. The population of Moscow is 16.8 Million (2016 est.), while the inflation rate is 7.2% (2016 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Moscow, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Moscow as at 1 July 2016 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High 6) Groceries: Very High 7) Healthcare: High 8) Household Accommodation: Very High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very High 13) Transport: Average Moscow is for example 94.5% more expensive than Rwanda for groceries, 246.8% more expensive for household costs than Kigali, and -3.1% cheaper for transport costs than Saint Helena. The hardship premium for Moscow for an expat from Saudi Arabia, is for example 0%, i.e. host location (Moscow) premium of 30% minus home (Saudi Arabia) location premium of 30%. Moscow is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Moscow? Register subscribe to your home location and Moscow and run your personalised reports.