Moscow is the capital and the largest city of Russia. Moscow is one of largest city economies in Europe and it comprises approximately 20% of Russian GDP. Russia is in Northern Asia (the area west of the Urals is considered part of Europe), bordering the Arctic Ocean, between Europe and the North Pacific Ocean. Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast. Broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions. The official language is Russian. The younger generation commonly speak English, but the language barrier can be a problem with older business people and an interpreter is generally needed. French and German are the most commonly spoken languages after English. Knowledge of the Cyrillic script is essential for reading the names of streets and metro stations. The main religions are Christianity, Islam. The economy of Russia is the eighth largest economy in the world by nominal value and the sixth largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Oil, natural gas, metals, and timber account for more than 80% of Russian exports abroad. In Russia dinners often involve a series of toasts, guests are generally expected to offer a reciprocal toast. Formal business dress is considered a sign of authority. The security risk for expatriates in Russia is medium to high, but extreme for The North Caucasus. Risks include petty crime and poor infrastructure including roads, while violent crime involving expatriates is rare. Additional risks in the North Caucasus include conflict between security forces and militants, and kidnapping. The population in Moscow is 16.8 Mil (2015 est.), while the inflation rate is 15.6% (2015 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in In Moscow, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Moscow as at 1 January 2016 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High 6) Groceries: Very High 7) Healthcare: High 8) Household Accommodation: Very High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very High 13) Transport: Average Moscow is for example 70.6% more expensive than Rwanda for groceries, 189.5% more expensive for household costs than Kigali, and -18.6% cheaper for transport costs than Saint Helena. The hardship premium for Moscow for an expat from Saudi Arabia, is for example 0%, i.e. host location (Moscow) premium of 30% minus home (Saudi Arabia) location premium of 30%. Moscow is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Moscow? Register subscribe to your home location and Moscow and run your personalised reports.