Johor Bahru is the capital city of Johor and is the second largest urban area in Malaysia, after the national capital, Kuala Lumpur. Johor Bahru is an important industrial, tourism and commercial hub for southern Malaysia and one of the biggest industrial centres of the country. Major industries include electronics, resource and petrochemical refinery, and shipbuilding. Johor Bahru enjoys a close economic relationship with Singapore with a large number of residents in Johor Bahru working in Singapore and many Singaporeans living in Johor Bahru or visiting the city for shopping, entertainment, and dining. Malaysia is a peninsula in South Eastern Asia bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam. Tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons. Coastal plains rising to hills and mountains. The official language is Malay (or Bahasa Melayu as it is known inside the country). This is the medium of instruction in schools. However, most Malaysians (and almost all business people) understand English. Other languages that are spoken in the country include Tamil, Mandarin Chinese and a variety of Chinese dialects. The main religions are Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Christianity, Sikhism. The economy of Malaysia is a growing and relatively open state-oriented market economy. The state plays a significant but declining role in guiding economic activity through macroeconomic plans. Malaysia is a multicultural society, however the Malays, who are Muslims, are the majority. A great deal of importance is placed on status in Malaysia. It is important for expatriates to dress and behave with discretion and to treat others with respect. It is important to use titles, such as ‘Datuk' or ‘Tan Sri' or the hereditary title 'Tengku' when addressing the holders of such titles. Expatriate business dress is typically a business suit for men and women, alternatively women may wear a skirt that covers the knees and a high-necked blouse. The security risk for expatriates in Malaysia is low to medium. Risks include street crime, armed robbery, kidnapping, and the underlying threat of terrorism. The population in Johor Bahru is 1.805 Mil (2015 est.), while the inflation rate is 2.5% (2015 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in In Johor Bahru, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Johor Bahru as at 1 January 2016 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: High 3) Communication: Low 4) Education: Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Low 7) Healthcare: Very Low 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: Average 10) Personal Care: Very Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Very Low 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Low Johor Bahru is for example 4.8% more expensive than Marshall Islands for groceries, -42.7% cheaper for household costs than Majuro, and -23.1% cheaper for transport costs than Martinique. The hardship premium for Johor Bahru for an expat from Toluca, is for example -10%, i.e. host location (Johor Bahru) premium of 20% minus home (Toluca) location premium of 30%. Johor Bahru is ranked as a some hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Johor Bahru? Register subscribe to your home location and Johor Bahru and run your personalised reports.