Johor Bahru is the capital city of Johor and is the second largest urban area in Malaysia, after the national capital, Kuala Lumpur. Johor Bahru is an important industrial, tourism and commercial hub for southern Malaysia and one of the biggest industrial centres of the country. Major industries include electronics, resource and petrochemical refinery, and shipbuilding. Johor Bahru enjoys a close economic relationship with Singapore with a large number of residents in Johor Bahru working in Singapore and many Singaporeans living in Johor Bahru or visiting the city for shopping, entertainment, and dining. Malaysia is a peninsula in South Eastern Asia bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam. Tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons. Coastal plains rising to hills and mountains. The official language is Malay (or Bahasa Melayu as it is known inside the country). This is the medium of instruction in schools. However, most Malaysians (and almost all business people) understand English. Other languages that are spoken in the country include Tamil, Mandarin Chinese and a variety of Chinese dialects. The main religions are Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Christianity, Sikhism. The economy of Malaysia is a growing and relatively open state-oriented market economy. The state plays a significant but declining role in guiding economic activity through macroeconomic plans. The security risk for expatriates in Malaysia is low to medium. Risks include street crime, armed robbery, kidnapping, and the underlying threat of terrorism. The population in Johor Bahru is 1.8 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 3.3% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Johor Bahru as at 1 October 2015 is low in comparison to other places in the world. In Johor Bahru, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very High 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: High 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Average 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Low 11) Recreation & Culture: Low 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Low 13) Transport: Low Johor Bahru is for example 4.7% more expensive than Montevideo for groceries, -18.8% cheaper for household costs than Durban, and -9.2% cheaper for transport costs than Athens. Johor Bahru is ranked as a some hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Johor Bahru for an expat from Zurich is for example 10%, i.e. host location (Johor Bahru) premium of 20% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Johor Bahru? Register subscribe to your home location and Johor Bahru and run your personalised reports.