Pristina is the capital and largest city of the disputed territory of Kosovo. The city is developing with many new roads being built in Pristina. The national government is taking part in modernising the roadways as well, building motorways linking the city. Kosovo is in South East Europe, between Serbia and Macedonia Influenced by continental air masses resulting in relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns; Mediterranean and alpine influences create regional variation; maximum rainfall between October and December. Flat fluvial basin with an elevation of 400-700 m above sea level surrounded by several high mountain ranges with elevations of 2,000 to 2,500 m. The Albanian majority in Kosovo speak Albanian and refuse to speak Serbian. It will therefore be considered offensive to communicate in Serbian or other similar Slavic languages with Kosovar Albanians. Many Kosovars do now speak or understand basic English. The main religions are Islam, Christianity. The economy of Kosovo is one of the poorest in Europe. Despite substantial development subsidies Kosovo was the poorest province of the former Yugoslavia. Over the course of the 1990s, poor economic policies, international sanctions, weak access to external trade and finance, and ethnic conflict severely damaged the already weak economy. The security risk for expatriates in Kosovo is medium. Risks include street crime (particularly pickpocketing and bag-snatching in Pristina), organised crime, and risks related to poor infrastructure such as travel challenges and power cuts in winter. The population in Pristina is 0.198 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 0.4% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Pristina as at 1 October 2015 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. In Pristina, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Low 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Very Low 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: Low 10) Personal Care: Average 11) Recreation & Culture: Low 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Low Pristina is for example -24.2% cheaper than Montevideo for groceries, -17.7% cheaper for household costs than Durban, and -10.5% cheaper for transport costs than Athens. Pristina is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Pristina for an expat from Zurich is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Pristina) premium of 40% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Pristina? Register subscribe to your home location and Pristina and run your personalised reports.