Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya. Nairobi is the regional headquarters of several international companies and organizations. Goods manufactured in Nairobi include clothing, textiles, building materials, processed foods, beverages, cigarettes. Kenya is in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania. Varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior. Low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west. The official language is English. National language: Swahili. English is used more frequently than Swahili inland, particularly in Nairobi and its surrounding areas. Most signs are in English. The main religion is Christianity. The economy of Kenya is market-based, with some state-owned infrastructure enterprises, and maintains a liberalized external trade system. The economy’s heavy dependence on rain-fed agriculture and the tourism sector leaves it vulnerable to cycles of boom and bust. The agricultural sector employs nearly 75 percent of the country's 37 million people. Half of the sector’s output remains subsistence production. The security risk for expatriates in Kenya is medium overall, but high in Nairobi and in the north, and extremely high in the remote border regions with Somalia. Risks include crime (violent and petty), terrorism, kidnapping, traffic accidents, and the risks associated with protest action. The population in Nairobi is 3.14 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 7.39% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Nairobi as at 1 October 2015 is average in comparison to other places in the world. In Nairobi, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Average 2) Clothing: Average 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Average 7) Healthcare: Average 8) Household Accommodation: High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Average 13) Transport: Low Nairobi is for example -2.9% cheaper than Montevideo for groceries, 10.2% more expensive for household costs than Durban, and -12.5% cheaper for transport costs than Athens. Nairobi is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Nairobi for an expat from Zurich is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Nairobi) premium of 30% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Nairobi? Register subscribe to your home location and Nairobi and run your personalised reports.