Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya. Nairobi is the regional headquarters of several international companies and organizations. Goods manufactured in Nairobi include clothing, textiles, building materials, processed foods, beverages, cigarettes. Kenya is in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania. The climate varies from tropical along the coast to arid in the interior. The official language is English. National language: Swahili. English is used more frequently than Swahili inland, particularly in Nairobi and its surrounding areas. Most signs are in English. The main religion is Christianity. The economy of Kenya is market-based, with some state-owned infrastructure enterprises, and maintains a liberalized external trade system. The economy’s heavy dependence on rain-fed agriculture and the tourism sector leaves it vulnerable to cycles of boom and bust. The agricultural sector employs nearly 75 percent of the country's 37 million people. Half of the sector’s output remains subsistence production. In Kenya making eye contact is an important way to establish trust. Handshakes are customary upon both business introductions and departures. Expatriate business dress is normally formal, comprising lightweight suits with a jacket and tie. The coastal regions have a significant Muslim population and modest dress is advised, particularly in Mombasa. Women should not wear sleeveless dresses or blouses. Eastern Africa has one of the highest rates of sexual assault and rape in the world. While the majority of cases occur in low-income communities, female expatriates should be alert to the increased risks and adopt sensible security precautions as a routine measure. The security risk for expatriates in Kenya is medium overall, but high in Nairobi and in the north, and extremely high in the remote border regions with Somalia. Risks include crime (violent and petty), terrorism, kidnapping, traffic accidents, and the risks associated with protest action. The currency of Kenya is the Kenyan Shilling (KES). ATMs are widely available and credit cards are widely accepted. Medical facilities are not generally comparable to those of Western Europe and North America. Cholera, malaria and dengue fever occur in Kenya. The population of Nairobi is 6.6 Million (2016 est.), while the inflation rate is 6.45% (2016 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in In Nairobi, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Nairobi as at 1 April 2016 is average in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Average 2) Clothing: Low 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Low 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Low 13) Transport: Low Nairobi is for example 46.7% more expensive than Kosovo for groceries, 25.6% more expensive for household costs than Pristina, and 24.1% more expensive for transport costs than Kuwait. The hardship premium for Nairobi for an expat from Monrovia, is for example -10%, i.e. host location (Nairobi) premium of 30% minus home (Monrovia) location premium of 40%. Nairobi is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Nairobi? Register subscribe to your home location and Nairobi and run your personalised reports.