Amman is the capital and largest city of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Amman is the country's political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Amman is a regional hub in communications, transportation, medical tourism, education, and investment. Jordan is in the Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia. Mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April). Mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River. The official language is Arabic. English is widely spoken at all levels of society, including by taxi drivers and hotel staff. Other European languages are less commonly understood. It is appreciated if an attempt is made to use a few basic greetings and other words. Visitors are advised to learn the pronunciation of place names, particularly districts of Amman. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Jordan is small with limited natural resources, but has improved much since its inception as a country. Jordan's economic resource base centres on phosphates, potash, and their fertilizer derivatives; tourism; overseas remittances; and foreign aid. The security risk for expatriates in Jordan is low, but medium in the North-eastern border area with Iraq and the border area with Syria. Risks include petty crime in crowded areas, car theft, burglaries, traffic accidents, protests (that do not impact expatriates much), and terrorism. Expatriates should be cautious not to offend local culture and religious sensitivities with regard to dress and behaviour. The population in Amman is 2.1 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 3.74% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Amman as at 1 July 2015 is average in comparison to other places in the world. In Amman, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very High 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: High 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very High 6) Groceries: Average 7) Healthcare: High 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: Very High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: High 13) Transport: Low Amman is for example -5.6% cheaper than Montevideo for groceries, -15.2% cheaper for household costs than Durban, and -13.5% cheaper for transport costs than Athens. Amman is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Amman for an expat from Zurich is for example 20%, i.e. host location (Amman) premium of 30% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Amman? Register subscribe to your home location and Amman and run your personalised reports.