Tokyo is the seat of the Japanese government. Tokyo is one of the three world finance "command centres", along with New York and London. Tokyo has the largest metropolitan economy in the world. Tokyo is a major international finance centre, houses the headquarters of several of the world's largest investment banks and insurance companies, and serves as a hub for Japan's transportation, publishing, and broadcasting industries. Japan is an island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula. Varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north. Mostly rugged and mountainous. The official language is Japanese. Many Japanese business people who deal with foreigners speak good English, but business negotiations are often conducted through an interpreter. It is unwise to try to speak Japanese in business meetings, even with a relatively high degree of fluency. However, in social contexts some familiarity with the Japanese language or Japanese customs will be greatly appreciated. English is spoken in major hotels and in shops catering for tourists, but only minimally elsewhere. The main religions are Shintoism, Buddhism. The economy of Japan is the second largest in the world, after the United States at around $5 trillion USD in terms of nominal GDP and third after the United States and China when adjusted for purchasing power parity. Banking, insurance, real estate, retailing, transportation, telecommunications and construction are all major industries. Japan has a large industrial capacity and is home to some of the largest, leading and most technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles and processed foods. The service sector accounts for three quarters of the gross domestic product. The security risk for expatriates in Japan is low. Risks are mainly low levels of crime in urban areas. Other risks include earthquakes and tsunamis, that can cause widespread damage and disruption. The population in Tokyo is 13.186 Mil (2014 est.), while the inflation rate is 3.6% (2014 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in Tokyo as at 1 January 2015 is very high in comparison to other places in the world. In Tokyo, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average in USD, is categorized follows: 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: High 2) Clothing: Very High 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: Very High 5) Furniture & Appliances: Average 6) Groceries: Very High 7) Healthcare: Very High 8) Household Accommodation: Very High 9) Miscellaneous: Very High 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: High 13) Transport: Very High Tokyo is for example 74.6% more expensive than Montevideo for groceries, 112.4% more expensive for household costs than Durban, and 62.6% more expensive for transport costs than Athens. Tokyo is ranked as a some hardship location. Hardship (also know as quality of living) refers to the degree of hardship an expatriate and their family are likely to experience in the host location. Hardship pay is compensation to encourage people to move, in particular to less desirable locations. In determining the amount of hardship premium payable, factors such as economic, political, religious, infrastructure, environment/climate, personal safety, health, education, and transportation factors are considered. The hardship premium for Tokyo for an expat from Zurich is for example 10%, i.e. host location (Tokyo) premium of 20% minus home (Zurich) location premium of 10%. Xpatulator.com has been created to assist subscribers calculate expatriate pay using the online calculators and extensive database of cost of living and hardship indexes, for 780 international locations. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Tokyo? Register subscribe to your home location and Tokyo and run your personalised reports.