Berlin is the capital city and one of 16 states of Germany. Berlin is a major centre of culture, politics, media, and science in Europe. Its economy is primarily based on the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, media corporations, congress and convention venues. Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail transport, and is one of the most visited tourist destinations in the EU. Germany is in Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark. The climate is temperate and marine with cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers and occasional warm mountain wind. The official language is German. There are many regional accents and dialects, standard German is understood everywhere. English and French are also spoken in the country's western states while Russian is spoken in eastern states. Locals will appreciate an effort to express basic courtesies in German. The main religion is Christianity. The economy of Germany is the largest national economy in Europe, the fourth largest by nominal GDP in the world. The service sector contributes around 70% of the total GDP, industry 29.1%, and agriculture 0.9%. Most of the country's products are in engineering, especially in automobiles, machinery, metals, and chemical goods. Germany is the leading producer of wind turbines and solar power technology in the world. Germans tend to be formal in business and social settings. Punctuality is particularly very important in Germany. Expatriates should address associates by their surname (such as Herr or Frau Beckenbauer) until invited to call them by their first name. Expatriate business dress is a suit for all meetings. The security risk for expatriates in Germany is low. Risks include low levels of street crime, however violence is unusual, and expats are unlikely to be exposed to crime. There is risk of terrorism. The currency of Germany is the Euro (EUR). Banking is on a par with that of the rest of Western Europe and North America. Medical facilities are good, however the cost of treatment for expatriates from outside the EU can be high. The population of Berlin is 3.6 Million (2016 est.), while the inflation rate is 0.4% (2016 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Berlin, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Berlin as at 1 July 2016 is high in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: High 3) Communication: Very Low 4) Education: High 5) Furniture & Appliances: High 6) Groceries: Average 7) Healthcare: High 8) Household Accommodation: Low 9) Miscellaneous: High 10) Personal Care: Very High 11) Recreation & Culture: High 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very High 13) Transport: Very High Berlin is for example 15.5% more expensive than Greece for groceries, 10.4% more expensive for household costs than Athens, and 31.6% more expensive for transport costs than Thessaloniki. The hardship premium for Berlin for an expat from Guinea, is for example -30%, i.e. host location (Berlin) premium of 10% minus home (Guinea) location premium of 40%. Berlin is ranked as a minimal hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Berlin? Register subscribe to your home location and Berlin and run your personalised reports.