Phnom Penh is the capital and largest city of Cambodia. Double-digit economic growth rates in recent years have triggered an economic boom, with new hotels, restaurants, bars, and residential buildings springing up around the city. Phnom Penh's wealth of historical and cultural sites makes it a very popular tourist destination. Cambodia is in South-eastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. Tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation. Mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north. The official language is Khmer. French is spoken by the older generation who survived the Khmer Rouge era. Many middle-class young people in the main urban areas speak English. Chinese and Thai are also used, though given current tensions the latter language should be used with care. The main religion is Buddhism. The economy of Cambodia has seen rapid progress in the last decade. Per capita income, although rapidly increasing, is low compared with most neighbouring countries. The main domestic activity on which most rural households depend is agriculture and its related sub-sectors. Manufacturing output is varied but is not very extensive and is mostly conducted on a small-scale and informal basis. Cambodia is influenced by Buddhism. Expatriate business dress is generally conservative, comprising light-weight business suits when meeting senior government officials, diplomats or business people, otherwise shirt and tie in the working environment. Generally it is advisable to dress modestly and to observe and respect local clothing customs. The security risk for expatriates in Cambodia is medium, with northern Cambodia carrying a slightly higher risk. Risks include petty theft and opportunistic crime, as well as the threat and use of violence against tourists, business visitors and expatriates. The population in Phnom Penh is 2.2 Mil (2015 est.), while the inflation rate is 0.8% (2015 est.).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates in In Phnom Penh, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Phnom Penh as at 1 January 2016 is low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Very Low 3) Communication: Very High 4) Education: Average 5) Furniture & Appliances: Very Low 6) Groceries: Average 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: Average 9) Miscellaneous: High 10) Personal Care: Average 11) Recreation & Culture: Average 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Low Phnom Penh is for example -18.8% cheaper than Vancouver for groceries, 22.2% more expensive for household costs than Cape Verde, and 25.3% more expensive for transport costs than Praia. The hardship premium for Phnom Penh for an expat from Hong Kong, is for example 10%, i.e. host location (Phnom Penh) premium of 30% minus home (Hong Kong) location premium of 20%. Phnom Penh is ranked as a high degree of hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship or expat pay in Phnom Penh? Register subscribe to your home location and Phnom Penh and run your personalised reports.