Dushanbe is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan. Coal, lead, and arsenic are mined nearby in the cities of Nurek and Kulob allowing for the industrialization of Dushanbe. The Nurek Dam, the world's highest as of 2008, generates 95% of Tajikistan's electricity. Tajikistan is in Central Asia, west of China. The climate is continental with hot summers and mild winters, but semi arid to polar in the Pamir Mountains. The official language is Tajik. Russian is still widely spoken, especially in Dushanbe. Few people speak fluent English, but this is increasing in numbers. The population in the north and west also speak Uzbek. Interpreters can be hired locally. The main religion is Islam. The economy of Tajikistan has been gravely weakened by civil conflict and by the loss of subsidies from Moscow and of markets for its products. Tajikistan depends to a large degree on aid from Russia and Uzbekistan and on international humanitarian assistance for much of its basic subsistence needs. Foreign remittance flows from Tajik migrant workers abroad, mainly in Russia, has become by far the main source of income for millions of Tajikistan's people and represents additional 36.2 % of country's GDP directly reaching the poverty-stricken population. In Tajikistan looking down is considered a sign of respect when speaking to someone. Expatriate business dress is generally a conservative business suit. The security risk for expatriates in Tajikistan is medium to high. Risks include the volatile security environment, petty crime, corruption, and violence related to militant activity. Other risks include the poor infrastructure, poor driving standards, landslides, flooding, and avalanches. The currency of Tajikistan is the Tajikistan Somoni (TJS). Tajikistan is a cash based economy. Credit card acceptance is limited. Limited numbers of ATMs are available in Dushanbe and other larger towns. Medical facilities are poor and in some locations almost non-existent. Serious or complex medical treatment may require evacuation which can be expensive. Multi-drug-resistant TB, typhoid, cholera and malaria occur. The population of Dushanbe is 1.1 Million (2016 est.), while the inflation rate is 6.1% (Dec 2016).
Cost Of Living
The cost of living for expatriates / professional migrants in In Dushanbe, the cost of each basket, based on local prices, compared to the international average, is categorized follows (Exact cost of living percentages only available in personalised reports): Dushanbe as at 1 January 2017 is very low in comparison to other places in the world. 1) Alcohol (where available) & Tobacco: Very Low 2) Clothing: Average 3) Communication: Low 4) Education: Very Low 5) Furniture & Appliances: Average 6) Groceries: Very Low 7) Healthcare: Low 8) Household Accommodation: Very Low 9) Miscellaneous: Very Low 10) Personal Care: High 11) Recreation & Culture: Very Low 12) Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: Very Low 13) Transport: Very Low Dushanbe is for example -11.6% cheaper than Houston TX for groceries, -21.9% cheaper for household costs than Kuala Lumpur, and -17.4% cheaper for transport costs than Dubai. The hardship premium for Dushanbe for an expat from Perth, is for example 30%, i.e. host location (Dushanbe) premium of 40% minus home (Perth) location premium of 10%. Dushanbe is ranked as a extreme hardship location. Want to know more about cost of living, hardship (quality of living) or expat salary in Dushanbe? Register subscribe to your home location and Dushanbe and run your personalised reports.